Chapter 6 - Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Diseases Deck (89)
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1

Infectious disease

Caused by harmful micro-organisms and parasites

2

Pathogen

Disease causing agent

3

Degenerative disease

Result of wear and tear, aging, or trauma

4

Neoplasia

Abnormal or uncontrolled growth of tissue

5

Immune disorder

Failure of the immune system, allergies, and autoimmune diseases

6

Metabolic disorder

Lack of enzymes or other factors needed for cellular functions.

7

Hormonal disorder

Under or overproduction of hormones or the inability of hormones to function properly.

8

Mental and emotional disorders

Affect the mind

9

Infectious diseases are caused by:

Viruses, bacteria, fungi, Protozoa, and worms.

10

Cocci

Round bacteria

11

Bacilli

Rod shaped bacteria

12

Vibrios

Short curved rods

13

Spirochetes

Corkscrew shaped bacteria

14

Chlamydia

Extremely small bacteria.

15

Rickettsia

Extremely small bacteria

16

Helminths

Worms

17

Inflammation symptoms

Heat, pain, redness, swelling

18

Phagocytosis

Process body uses to get rid of invading microorganisms, damaged cells, harmful debris.

19

Acute

Sudden, severe, short course

20

Benign

Not recurrent or malignant

21

Carcinoma

A malignant neoplasm

22

Chronic

Long duration, slowly progressing

23

Cyst

An abnormal filled sac or pouch

24

Edema

Accumulation of fluid in the tissues

25

Etiology

Cause of a disease

26

Hernia

Protrusion of an organ through an abnormal opening

27

Inflammation

Localized response to a tissue injury

28

Lesion

Distinct area of damaged tissue

29

Malignant

Growing worse, harmful, tending to cause death

30

Metastasis (v: metastasize)

Spread from one part of the body to another