Flashcards in Chapter 19 - The Skeletal System Deck (72)
Central core of the body’s bony framework.
8 cranial bones and 14 bones of the face
7 bones. 2 names. Atlas first. Axis second
Composed of 5 fused bones
4 to 5 fused bones.
12 pairs of ribs joined by cartilage to the breast bone
Attached (appended) to the axial skeleton.
Formation of bones by gradual addition of calcium and phosphorus salts to cartilage.
Cells that produce bone
Mature bone cells that help maintain bone tissue.
Involved in the breakdown of bone tissue to release needed minerals or to allow for reshaping or repair.
Process of destroying bones so that it’s components can be take in in circulation.
Long shaft of a bone composed of compact bone tissue. Also has artery and vein.
Cavity of a long bone containing yellow form or bone marrow.
Irregular end of a long bone with less dense spongy bone tissue.
Thin layer of fibrous tissue that covers the bones outer surface and nourish and protects and generates new bone cells.
Growth region. Also called epiphyseal plate. Where the bone grows until it is fully calcified
Immovable joint held together by fibrous connective tissue.
Movable joint connected by fibrous cartilage.
Also called diarthrosis. Freely movable joint. Tendons attach muscles to bones to produce movement.
Cushions and lubricates movable joints.
Small sac of synovial fluid that cushions the area around a joint.
Bone marrow, also spinal cord