Central core of the body’s bony framework.
8 cranial bones and 14 bones of the face
7 bones. 2 names. Atlas first. Axis second
Composed of 5 fused bones
4 to 5 fused bones.
12 pairs of ribs joined by cartilage to the breast bone
Attached (appended) to the axial skeleton.
Formation of bones by gradual addition of calcium and phosphorus salts to cartilage.
Cells that produce bone
Mature bone cells that help maintain bone tissue.
Involved in the breakdown of bone tissue to release needed minerals or to allow for reshaping or repair.
Process of destroying bones so that it’s components can be take in in circulation.
Long shaft of a bone composed of compact bone tissue. Also has artery and vein.
Cavity of a long bone containing yellow form or bone marrow.
Irregular end of a long bone with less dense spongy bone tissue.
Thin layer of fibrous tissue that covers the bones outer surface and nourish and protects and generates new bone cells.
Growth region. Also called epiphyseal plate. Where the bone grows until it is fully calcified
Immovable joint held together by fibrous connective tissue.
Movable joint connected by fibrous cartilage.
Also called diarthrosis. Freely movable joint. Tendons attach muscles to bones to produce movement.
Cushions and lubricates movable joints.
Small sac of synovial fluid that cushions the area around a joint.
Bone marrow, also spinal cord
Synovial fluid, joint, or membrane
Vertebrae, spinal column
Inflammation of the bone caused by pus forming bacteria.
Tuberculosis of the spine
Simple fracture with no open wound
At the distal end of the radius with backward displacement of the hand
Fracture in which the bone is crushed or splintered.
Fracture caused from force at both ends
One end of the bone is broken and the other is bent
One fragment is driven into another
Fracture at ad angle across the bone
Associated with an open wound and the bone protrudes through the skin.
Fracture is in a spiral or S shape. Usually caused by twisting injuries.
A break at a right angle to a long bone.
Softening of the bones because of diminished calcium salt formation.
Osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency.
Disorder of aging in which bones become overgrown and thicker but deformed.
Highly malignant tumor usually in the knee caps that often requires amputation.
Tumor of the cartilage.
Disease of the spine where joint cartilage is destroyed. Eventually the cartilage is destroyed and the joint fuse (ankylosis)
Forward slipping of a vertebrae over the one below.
Exaggerated curve of the spine in the thoracic region. Hunchback
Exaggerated curve of the lumbar region. Swayback.
Sideways curvature of the spine in any direction.
Outer ring like portion of an intervertebral disk.