Chapter 5 - Body Structure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Body Structure Deck (50)
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1

Anterior (ventral)

Toward or at the front (belly) of the body

2

Posterior (dorsal)

Toward or at the back (dorsum) of the body

3

Medial

Toward the midline of the body

4

Lateral

Toward the side of the body

5

Proximal

Nearer to the point of attachment or to a given reference point

6

Distal

Farther from the point of attachment or from a given reference point

7

Superior

Above, in a higher position

8

Inferior

Below, in a lower position

9

Cranial (cephalad)

Toward the head

10

Caudal

Toward the lower end of the spine; in humans, in an inferior direction

11

Superficial (external)

Closer to the surface of the body

12

Deep (internal)

Closer to the center of the body

13

Frontal plane

Plane that separates body into anterior and posterior planes

14

Anatomic position

Standard position for anatomic studies. Standing facing forward arms forward and at sides. Feet parallel

15

Sagittal plane

Plane that divides body into left and right portions

16

Transverse (horizontal) plane

Plane that divides body into superior and inferior portions.

17

Cepahal/o

Head

18

Cervic/o

Neck

19

Thorac/o

Chest, thorax

20

Abdomin/o

Abdomen

21

Celi/o

Abdomen

22

Lapar/o

Abdominal wall

23

Lumb/o

Lumbar region, lower back

24

Periton, peritone/o

Peritoneum

25

Acro

Extremity, end

26

Brachi/o

Arm

27

Dactyl/o

Finger, toe

28

Ped/o

Foot

29

Pod/o

Foot

30

Circum-o

Around