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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (109)
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1

What did people know about the time period they were living in during The Renaissance?

They knew that a rebirth was occurring- or at least a revival of classical learning and artistic expression.

2

What were the 2 stages of The Renaissance?

The Italian Renaissance (1300s to the 1600s) and The Northern Renaissance (1450s to the 1600s)

3

Why did The Renaissance happen in Italy?

Northern Italy had a marketing economy with banking and trade, it was a center of new wealth and ideas, it had an enlarged merchant class (literate + wealthy = literature.) There was also no single controlling authority in Italy.

4

What were some economic factors of Italy being the center of The Renaissance?

The geographic position- it was the crossroads of trade. Commercial competition between its city states fueled innovation and the economy. Powerful merchants controlled politics, it was politically unstable, and very wealthy.

5

What city was the center of banking?

Florence

6

What was Florence the center of?

Banking

7

What were some important centers of commerce during The Renaissance?

Venice, Genoa, and Pisa.

8

When was the term "The Renaissance" first coined?

It was first used in print in 1550 by Italian Giorgio Vasari

9

What family was the most important during the Renaissance?

The Medici Family

10

Who was the Medici Family?

A wealthy family of bankers that rose to prominence during the "Golden Age" of Florence who were key sponsors of the arts.

11

What family was the most important during the Renaissance?

The Medici Family

12

Who was the Medici Family?

A wealthy family of bankers that rose to prominence during the "Golden Age" of Florence who were key sponsors of the arts.

13

Who was the founder of the Medici family?

Giovanni de Medici (1360-1429)

14

Who was Giovanni de Medic?

The founder of the Medici family, 1360-1429

15

Who was known as "the elder" of the Medici family?

Cosmo de Medici (1434-1464)

16

Who was Cosmo de Medici (1434-1464)?

"The Elder" of the Medici family

17

Who was known as "The Magnificent?"

Lorenzo de Medici (1469-1492)

18

Who was Lorenzo de Medici?

"The Magnificent"

19

Who were Pope Leo X (1513-1521) and Pope Clement VII?

Popes and influential members of the Medici family

20

What was going on in the Northern Europe during The Renaissance?

The Hundred Years' War

21

What did the city states' governments do that allowed the Renaissance to take place?

Italian city states had systems of government that had slowed talent to rise in society- allowed freedom of ideas and expression.

22

What are the 4 types of political systems that were common in Italian city states?

Comments, republics, oligarchies, and signori

23

What is a commune? (Renaissance kind.)

Groups of free men (merchant guilds) free from feudal lords

24

What is a republic? (when referring to the Renaissance)

The power resides with the people-popolo/middle class were excluded from the government and rose up to overthrow the city government and establish republics.

25

What does 'poplo' mean?

Middle class

26

What were oligarchies? (when referring to the Renaissance)

The power is held by an elite wealthy few- merchant aristocracies.

27

What were signories? (when referring to the Renaissance)

One man ruled (a despot.)

28

Why were the people in Italy inspired to create art during the Renaissance?

They were surrounded by Greek and Roman history. Statues, artwork, and writings were uncovered and it rekindled interest in the "golden age."

29

What types of history were the Italians surrounded by?

Greek and Roman

30

What are the 4 "-isms"?

Humanism, individualism, secularism, and naturalism.