Chapter 12: Reconstruction and its's effects Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12: Reconstruction and its's effects Deck (20):


A white Southerner who joined the Republican party after the civil war



Northerners who moved South after the Civil War


Hiram Revels

First AfricanAmerican senator



A system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed and tools in return for part of the crops they harvest


Tenant Farming

a system in which farm workers supply their own tools and sell their farmland for cash



an impression, model, or re-enactment of a past event formed from the available evidence, or the era after the civil war, where people were still recovering from all the fighting


Radical republicans

Radicals strongly opposed slavery during the war and after the war distrusted ex-Confederates, demanding harsh policies for the former rebels, and emphasizing civil rights and voting rights for freedmen (recently freed slaves).


Thaddeus Stevens

was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s.


Wade-Davis Bill

1864 was a bill proposed for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republicans, Senator Benjamin Wade of Ohio and Representative Henry Winter Davis of Maryland.


1. Freedman’s Bureau

The U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, popularly known as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War


Black codes

In the United States, the Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.


1. Fourteenth Amendment

The Fourteenth Amendment was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments. The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.



to boot a president out of office... or, rather, to strongly *think* about it


Fifteenth Amendment

The Fifteenth Amendment prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." Strangely enough, this amendment mentions absolutely nothing about gender.

Go figure.



Ku Klux Klan, or the KKK, was a band of absolute assholes. Their overreaching goal was to silence African American people and restore white supremacy. By, of course, preventing blacks from exercising their political rights. Don’t make me go on a tangent about these… ahem… people. Because I *will.*


Panic of 1873

the nation’s largest bank security dealer went broke and the economy temporarily collapsed.



term Democrats used to call their return to power in the south


Rutherford B. Hays

Governor of Ohio that the republicans chose as their representative for the election


Samuel J. Tilden

Governor of New York, Democrat representative


Home rule

the ability to run state governments without federal investigation