Painting style focussing on elemental geometric abstraction; nonobjective.
Painter, (1878-1935) founded a painting style of basic shapes made of pure color that he called Suprematism.
The notion that art does not need to serve a social function.
"art for art's sake"
Design in Russia focussing on the mathematical and structural properties of architecture; focused on the utilitarian, mainly in the poster design form.
Painter, graphics designer, architect and photrographer, studied in Germany. He best realized the Constructivist idea, using mathematical structures as the basis of his work. He largely developed the modern design aesthetic.
A radical Socialist; Russians who emerged victorious from their civil war in 1920. The Russian Socialist Party developed into the Communist Party.
He was an ardent communist who brought an inventive spirit and willingness to experiment to sans-serif typography, montage, and photography.
The process of making composite photograph by cutting and joining photos.
Art used as political propoganda (from agitation + propoganda)
Dutch design focusing on the purity of square shapes and primary colors. Sought the universal laws of equilibrium and harmony for art, which could then be a prototype for a new social order.
Painter who popularized De Stijl. He reduced his paintings and designs to the use of primary colors with black horizontal and vertical lines, and flat planes.
Founder and guiding spirit of the De Stijl movement.
Theo van Doesburg