Flashcards in Midterm Exam Deck (87)
To be used for a function or purpose; for utility, as opposed to decorative.
The earliest form of written language. Wedge-shaped writing developed by the Sumerians of the Ancient Near East (Mesopotamia, currently Iraq) around 3000 BCE.
Pictures representing words/syllables with the same or similar sound as the object represented. Eg. Bee leaf = believe.
A picture writing system developed by the Ancient Egyptians. Greek "hiero" = sacred, "glyph" = carving.
The upper horizontal fibers of papyrus; the "front" of the page.
The bottom vertical fibers of the papyrus; the "back" of the page.
A group of symbols that represent the elementary sounds of a spoken language. The word is derived from the Greek two letters Alpha and Beta.
Ink writing using a wide flat pen. Comes from the Greek meaning "beauty writing".
Small lines extending from the end of major strokes of a letterform.
The line which letters in a common word sit upon.
The clearness, clarity (readability) of written words.
Large, open square style of letter written for clarity and legibility (Latin: Capitalis Quadrata)
Writing tool used to mark into a surface
Writing surface made from the skins of domestic animals, calves, sheep, etc.
The finest parchment, made of the smooth skins of newborn calves.
Book form developed by the Greeks around the time of Jesus of Nazareth.
A publisher's emblem at the opening page of a book, listing the name of the printer, publisher, date, etc.
Block letterforms that can be arranged and rearranged for printing.
A hand-written, hand-painted book decorated with gold leaf.
The 1,000 year period between the decline of Rome and the early Renaissance. Also known as the "Middle Ages" or the "Dark Ages".
Letter strokes that rise above the top guideline.
Letter strokes that drop below the baseline.
A people residing on the islands of northwest Europe during the Roman-era. Celtic design is abstract and extremely complex, with geometric linear patterns that weave, twist, and fill a space with thick visual textures.
Visual embellishment; decorations that often appear in the margins of a text.
A fluid, spiraling, undulating, or serpentine line or linear motif; inspired by the designs and writing of the Muslim world.
A term for printing with independent, movable, and reusable bits of metal or wood type (each piece having a raised letterform on the face).
A translucent emblem produced by pressure from a raised design on the paper making mold and visible when the sheet of paper is held to light.
Recurring subject or theme, idea or design element.
Inventor of the first printing press. He was a goldsmith, developing the metalworking and engraving skills for making type.