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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (30):
0

What was the Wilmot Proviso?

A proposal that would ban slavery in any lands that the U.S. acquired from Mexico

1

Who won the Election of 1848?

Zachary Taylor

2

What was the name for the bills that dealt with slavery in the states added since the Missouri Compromise?

The Compromise of 1850

3

What required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves in 1850?

The Fugitive Slave Act

4

Anyone who aided a fugitive slave could be, what two things?

Fined or imprisoned

5

What did the enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act do?

It caused more anger in the North

6

What increased the amount of territory open to slaveholding in the U.S.?

Kansas- Nebraska Act

7

What is popular sovereignty?

Letting people decide for themselves about an issue

8

Which territory was the first to have blood shed over slavery?

Kansas

9

Who was the violent abolitionist that believed God had chosen him to end slavery?

John Brown

10

What happened in the Sumner Brooks Incident?

Senator Charles Sumner lashed out against those for slavery, including Andrew P. Butler, so Butler's cousin Rep. Preston Brooks starts beating Sumner with a cane

11

What did Antislavery Whigs & Democrats, and Free Soilers join together to become?

The Republican Party

12


Who did Dred Scott sue?

His previous slave owner

13


What did the Dred Scott Decision do to the nation?

It divided the nation even more

14

Who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court that ruled on the Dred Scott case?

Roger B. Taney

15

According to the Dred Scott Decision, what did the Constitution do?

Stated that it protected slavery

16

What Senate race became the center of national attention?

Lincoln and Douglas debates

17

What party was each candidate a part of?

Lincoln- Republican
Douglas- Democrat

18


What was the main topic of the debates during that election?

Slavery

19

Who won the Illinois Senate race?

Douglas

20

What was the name of the event when John Brown led men to attack a weapon storage facility?

The Raid on Harpers Ferry

21


What was Brown hoping to start at the Raid on Harpers Ferry?

A rebellion against slavery

22

After this event, what became a rallying cry for many abolitionists?

A rallying point

23


What was the first state to secede from the Union?

South Carolina

24


After seven states seceded, what was formed on Feb. 4, 1861?

The Confederate Sates of America

25


How did the Confederate States of America justify secession?

With the belief of states rights

26

Who was the first President of the CSA?

Jefferson Davis

27


Whose hands did President Lincoln say the possibility of war was in?

The people's, not his

28


Confederate guns opened fire on what on April 12, 1861?

On Fort Sumter

29


What event marked the beginning of the Civil War?

The Fort Sumter attack