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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
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What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?

Explorer and author

1

What invention helped the book "Travels" become published all over Europe?

The movable printing press.

2

What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?

Gold and slaves from Africa.

3

The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called what?

The Renaissance

4

Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?

They were looking to find new trade routes to West Africa, and gold along the Gold Coast

5

Where was the Gold Coast?

West Africa

6

What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?

Vasco da Gama

7

What were the three ships Columbus sailed with?

The Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria

8

What country's flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?

Spain's

9

What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?

Vikings

10

What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?

The Treaty of Tordesillas

11

Where does the term "America" come from?

Amerigo Vespucci

12

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

Magellan's crew

13

Who was the first spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?

Juan Ponce de Leon

14

Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what?

The Fountain of Youth

15

What Empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?

The Aztec Empire

16

Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?

Because of Disease

17

How far did Hernando de Soto reach?

Oklahoma

18

What was the encomienda?

The right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans.

19

Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?

Bartolomeo de Las Casas

20

What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian Church split into the Catholic and Protestant groups?

Protestant Reformation

21

What was the Columbian Exchange?

The contact between Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas that led to exchange of plants, animals, and diseases.

22

What countries looked for a Northwest passage to Asia?

England, France, and Netherlands

23

Quebec was established by what region?

France

24

Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?

France