Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?
Explorer and author
What invention helped the book "Travels" become published all over Europe?
The movable printing press.
What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?
Gold and slaves from Africa.
The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called what?
Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?
They were looking to find new trade routes to West Africa, and gold along the Gold Coast
Where was the Gold Coast?
What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?
Vasco da Gama
What were the three ships Columbus sailed with?
The Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria
What country's flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?
What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?
What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?
The Treaty of Tordesillas
Where does the term "America" come from?
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who was the first spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?
Juan Ponce de Leon
Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what?
The Fountain of Youth
What Empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?
The Aztec Empire
Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?
Because of Disease
How far did Hernando de Soto reach?
What was the encomienda?
The right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans.
Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?
Bartolomeo de Las Casas
What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian Church split into the Catholic and Protestant groups?
What was the Columbian Exchange?
The contact between Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas that led to exchange of plants, animals, and diseases.
What countries looked for a Northwest passage to Asia?
England, France, and Netherlands
Quebec was established by what region?