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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (22):
0

What would the transcontinental railroad do?

It would connect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts

1

What are subsidies?

Financial aid and land grants, to companies that were willing to build this line

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

The Central Pacific

3

The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Irish immigrants-

4

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

The Transcontinental Railroad was complete

5

What was significant about the final golden spike in the transcontinental Railroad?

The Governor of California drove in that last spike- Leland Stanford

6

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

It divided our country into 4 time zones

7

What were open ranges?

Land not fenced in or divided into lots

8

What were long drives?

Ranchers driving their cattle hundreds of miles to reach railroads

9

What were three challenges that faced the Americn Cowboy?

-Fighting off stampedes
-Tough weather conditions
-Rustlers who tried to steal cattle

10

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the grate plains?

The Homestead Act

11

How much land is an acre?

Roughly the size of a football field

12

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?

The steel plow

13

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Barbed wire

14

What Sioux Chief didn't want to seek the Black Hills to the U.S. Government?

Chief Sitting Bull

15

What was Chief Joseph's famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?

"From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever"

16

Who had his last stand at the battle of Little Bighorn?

....

17

Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?

Geronimo

18

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

It broke up land individually and removed tribal affiliations

19

What were 3 ways Native American students were taught to assimilate in boarding schools?

-they were taught English
-traditional names were replaced by European names
-were taught to dress and act like European Americans

20

What caused the wounded knee massacre?

The U.S. Army sent troops to collect Sioux weapons, but one gun discharged

21

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the U.S. And Indians?

The wounded knee massacre