Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (22):
What would the transcontinental railroad do?
It would connect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts
What are subsidies?
Financial aid and land grants, to companies that were willing to build this line
What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?
The Central Pacific
The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
What occurred on May 10, 1869?
The Transcontinental Railroad was complete
What was significant about the final golden spike in the transcontinental Railroad?
The Governor of California drove in that last spike- Leland Stanford
What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?
It divided our country into 4 time zones
What were open ranges?
Land not fenced in or divided into lots
What were long drives?
Ranchers driving their cattle hundreds of miles to reach railroads
What were three challenges that faced the Americn Cowboy?
-Fighting off stampedes
-Tough weather conditions
-Rustlers who tried to steal cattle
What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the grate plains?
The Homestead Act
How much land is an acre?
Roughly the size of a football field
What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?
The steel plow
What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?
What Sioux Chief didn't want to seek the Black Hills to the U.S. Government?
Chief Sitting Bull
What was Chief Joseph's famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?
"From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever"
Who had his last stand at the battle of Little Bighorn?
Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?
What two things did the Dawes Act do?
It broke up land individually and removed tribal affiliations
What were 3 ways Native American students were taught to assimilate in boarding schools?
-they were taught English
-traditional names were replaced by European names
-were taught to dress and act like European Americans
What caused the wounded knee massacre?
The U.S. Army sent troops to collect Sioux weapons, but one gun discharged