Chapter 17: Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 17: Female Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 17: Female Reproductive System Deck (114):
1

cervic/o

cervix, neck

2

coit/o

a coming together

3

colp/o

vagina

4

culd/o

cul-de-sac

5

gyneco/o

female

6

hyster/o

womb, uterus

7

men/o

month, menses, menstruation

8

metr/I or metr/o

womb, menses, menstruation

9

o/o

ovum, egg

10

oophor/o

ovary

11

pareun/o

lying beside, sexual intercourse

12

salping/o

fallopian tube

13

uter/o

uterus

14

venere/o

sexual intercourse

15

vers/o

turning

16

uterus

provides a place for the nourishment and development of the fetus during pregnancy, contracts powerfully to help push out the fetus during birthing

17

fallopian tubes

serve as ducts to convey the ovum from the ovary to the uterus and to convey spermatozoa from the uterus toward each ovary; also called uterine tubes or oviducts

18

function of the ovaries

produce the ova, female reproductive cells, and are endocrine glands that produce hormones: estrogen and progesterone

19

vagina

female organ of copulation (sexual intercourse), serves as a passageway for the discharge of menstruation and a passageway for the birth of a fetus; it is the musculomembranous tube extending from the vestibule to the uterus

20

mons pubis

provides pad of fatty tissue

21

vulva

external female genitalia

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labia majora

provides two folds of adipose tissue

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labia minora

lying within the labia majora, encloses the vestibule

24

vestibule

serves as the enterance to the urethra,, the vagina, and two excretory ducts of Barthonlin's glands

25

clitoris

erectile tissue that is homologous (similar) to the penis of the male; produces pleasurable sensations

26

breasts

following childbirth, mammary glands produce milk

27

anteflexion

normal position of the uterus

28

three layers of the uterus

perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium

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perimetrium

outer layer

30

myometrium

muscular middle layer

31

endometrium

the mucuus membrane lining the inner surface of the uterus.

32

retroversion

turned backward with the cervix pointing forward toward the symphysis pubis

33

retroflexion

bent backward at an angle with the cervix usually unchanged from its normal position

34

anteversion

fundus turned forward toward the pubis with the cervix tilted up toward the sacrum/ pg 595

35

Three layers of the fallopian tubes

serosa: outer most layer composed of connective tissue; the muscular layer smooth muscle; mucosa or inner layer containing columnar epithelium.

36

fertilization

the process in which a sperm penetrates an ovum and unites with it

37

zygote

the resulting cell of a single sperm penetrating the ovum

38

morula

when the zygote begins to divide forming a solid mass of cells

39

embryo

stage of development between weeks 2 and 8

40

blastocyst

hollow ball of cells which consists of an outer layer of cells and an inner cell mass

41

yolk sac

is the site of formation of the first red blood cells and the cells that will become ovum and sperm

42

ovaries

almond shaped organs attached to the uterus by the ovarian ligament

43

suspensory ligaments

each ovary is attached to the side of the pelvis by these

44

mesovarium

portion of the peritoneal fold that attached the anterior border of each ovary to the posterior layer of the broad ligament

45

The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, which produces the gonadotropic hormones FSH and LH primarily control the functional activity of the ovaries.

Follicle-stimulation hormone, and Luteinizing hormone

46

hymen

A fold of mucous membrane, that partially covers the external opening of the vagina. If you have this you are considered a virgin

47

ovulation

each month a graafian follicle ruptures on the ovarian cortex, and an ovum discharges in to the pelvic cavity, where it enters the fallopian tube

48

vulva

Consists of the Mons pubis, Labia majora, labia minora, vestibule, and clitoris

49

perineum

the region bounded by the inferior edges of the pelvis, in the female it is located between the vulva and the anus. This is where an episiotomy is performed

50

breasts

mammary glands, alveolar structures consisting of 15-20 grandular tissue lobes separated by the septa of connective tissue

51

prolactin

the hormone which is produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary that stimulates the mammary glands to produce milk after childbirth

52

colostrum

a thin yellowish secretion, is the first milk and contains mainly serum and WBCs

53

oxytocin

the hormone that is released by the baby's suckling that stimulated the uterus to contract and promotes the return of the uterus to its normal nonpregnant size and state

54

menstrual cycle

starts at the age of puberty 11-12 yrs old, and ceases at menopause. Menstruation occurs every 21-40 days and has three phases: the follicular phase, ovulation, and the luteal phase

55

follicular phase

menstruation, which marks the first day of the follicular phase and is shedding of the endometrium. The average is 4-5 days

56

ovulatory phase

stimulation of estrogen, the ovulatory phase occurs 14 days before menstruation

57

luteal or secretory phase

follows ovulation and lasts about 14 days, unless fertilization occurs, and ends just before a menstrual period

58

premenstrual or ischemic time period

about 2 days and ends with the occurrence of menstruation

59

Obstetrics (OB)

the branch of medicine that pertains to the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum periods

60

Pregnancy

last 40 wks or 280 days, or 3 segments of 3 months called trimesters

61

4 stages of pregnancy

Prenatal stage: time between conception and labor Labor: time period during which forceful contractions move the fetus down the birth canal and expel it from the uterus during childbirth; Parturition: childbirth or delivery and Postpartum period: or puerperium 6 wks after childbirth and expulsion of the placenta

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Labor

the process by which forceful contraction move the fetus down the birth canal and expel it from the uterus during childbirth

63

Stages of Labor

1. Dilation 2. Expulsion 3. Placental

64

Newborn assessment

Apgar Score: Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, and Respiration

65

adnexa

accessory parts of a structure; adnexa uteri refers to the ovaries and fallopian tubes

66

amenorrhea

lack of monthly flow

67

colposcope

medical instrument to examine the vagina and cervix by means of a magnifying lens

68

cystocele

hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina

69

dysmenorrhea

difficult or painful monthly flow (menses or menstruation)

70

dyspareunia

difficult or painful sexual intercourse (copulation)

71

ectopic pregnancy

when a pregnancy the occurs when the fertilized egg is implanted in one of the various sites, the most common being the fallopian tube. It is best to abort this kind of pregnancy rather then to wait for it to abort itself.

72

The release of FSH and LH has to happen before ovulation can occur

Yeah!

73

The corpus luteum is producing progesterone until fertilization takes place, then the placenta produces it.

Yeah!

74

Stages of fetal growth

fertilization, weeks 1-2 conceptus, weeks-3-8 embryo, weeks 9-12 fetus

75

endometriosis

Pathological condition in which endometrial tissue has been displaced to various sites in the abdominal or pelvic cavity. Because it is outside the uterus and cannot cast off each month, the tissue causes bleeding, with the formation of scars and adhesions.

76

gynecologist

physician who specializes in the study of the female, especially the diseases of the female reproductive organs and the breasts

77

intrauterine

pertaining to within the uterus

78

lumpectomy

surgical removal of a tumor from the breast

79

mammoplasty

surgical repair of the breast

80

mastectomy

surgical excision of the breast

81

menarche

beginning of the monthly flow (menses, menstruation)

82

menopause

Cessation of the monthly flow; also called climacteric

83

menorrhagia

excessive uterine bleeding at the time of a menstrual period, either in number of days or amount of blood or both

84

-rrhagia

to burst forth

85

mittelschmerz

abdominal pain that occurs midway between the menstrual periods at ovulation

86

oligomenorrhea

scanty monthly flow (menses, menstruation)

87

oogenesis

formation of the ovum

88

oophorectomy

surgical excision of an ovary

89

ovulation

process in which an ovum is discharged from the cortex of the ovary

90

ovulat

little egg

91

Postcoital

Pertaining to after intercourse

92

retroversion

process of being turned backward, such as the displacement of the uterus with the cervix pointed forward

93

salpingooophorectomy

surgical excision of the ovary and fallopian tube

94

venereal

pertaining to or resulting from sexual intercourse

95

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina and cervix via a colposcope. Abnormal results can indicate cervical or vaginal erosion, tumors, and dysplasia

96

cordocentesis

examine blood from the fetus to detect fetal abnormalities

97

nysterosalpinography

x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of a radiopaque substance

98

laparoscopy

visual examination of the abdominal cavity

99

lapar/o

abd

100

papanicolaou (Pap) smear

screening technique to aid in the detection of cervical cancer

101

TORCH panel

screen for toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and herpes simplex virus (HSV)

102

AB

Abortion

103

AH

abdominal hysterectomy

104

D and C

dilation and curettage

105

FHB

fetal heart beat

106

hCG

human chorionic gonadotropin

107

IUD

intrauterine device

108

LH

luteinizing hormone

109

OB

obstetrics

110

Pap

Papanicolaou (smear)

111

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

112

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

113

STDs

sexually transmitted diseases

114

TSS

Toxic shock syndrome