Chapter 18: Male Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18: Male Reproductive System Deck (90):
1

artific/i

Not natural

2

balan/o

Glans penis

3

cis/o

To cut

4

crypt/o

Hidden

5

didym/o

Testis

6

ejaculat/o

To throw out

7

gon/o

Genitals

8

gynec/o

Female

9

mast/o

Breast

10

mit/o

Thread

11

orch/o

Testicle

12

orchid/o

Testicle

13

prostat/o

Prostate

14

sperm/o or sperm/i or spermat/o

Seed, sperm

15

testicul/o

Testicle

16

varic/o

Twisted vein

17

vas/o

Vessel

18

vesicul/o

Seminal vesicle

19

zo/o

Animal

20

Scrotum

The pouch like structure located behind and below the penis

21

Penis

Acts as the male organ of copulation and urination, the orifice for elimination of urine and semen from the body

22

testes

provide the male sex hormone testosterone, the site where sperm formed and developed, androgen secreted by the testes

23

vas deferens or ductus deferens

acts as an excretory duct of the testes

24

seminal vesicles

2 leaf shaped organs, produces a slightly alkaline fluid that becomes a part of the seminal fluid,frutcose

25

epididymis

acts as a site for the maturation of sperm, it is located above the testis

26

prostate gland

donut shaped, that encircles the urethra, it secretes an alkaline fluid that aids in maintaining the viability of spermatozoa

27

Bulbourethral or Cowper's glands

produce a mucous secretion before ejaculation, which becomes a part of the semen, they are pea shaped in sized, there are two of these

28

urethra

transmits urine and semen out of the body

29

sperm

is the only cell that can move, 50% of the sperms are killed on contact when ejaculated, a sperm consists of a head a body and a tail

30

ejaculatory duct

a small tube that joins the vas deferens to the urethra

31

spermatozoa

male reproductive cells

32

seminiferous tubules

1. production of sperm 2. production of sex hormone

33

spermatic cord

travels through the inguinal canal and contains the lymphatic vessels, vas deferens, and nerve fibers, this leaves the testis and open up into the epididymis

34

puberty

a period of rapid change in the lives of boys and girls during which time the reproductive organs mature and become functionally capable of reproduction. In the male it begins at 12. As testosterone is released characteristics develop, such as pubic and axillary hair, increase in size of the penis and testes, voice changes, facial hair and erections and dreams

35

glans penis

cone shaped head of the penis, and is the site of the urethral oriface

36

foreskin

prepuce

37

smegma

the lubricating fluid that is secreted by the glands of the foreskin

38

copulation

sexual intercourse

39

cryptorchidism

where one or both of the testes fail to descend into the scrotum

40

phimosis

a condition of narrowing of the opening of the prepuce where the foreskin cannot be drawn back of the glands penis

41

epispadias

the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis

42

hypospadias

the urethra opens on the underside of the penis

43

prostate gland

composed of glandular, connective and muscular tissue that lies behind the urinary bladder. It secretes and alkaline fluid that aids in maintaining the viability of spermatozoa

44

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

enlargement of the prostrate and occurs in older men

45

urethra

approx. 20 cm long and has 3 sections, the prostatic, membranous, and penile. it extends from the urinary bladder to the external urethral orifice at the head of the penis

46

anorchism

condition in which there is a lack of one or both testes

47

artificial insemination homologous (AIH)

means using the husband's semen

48

artificial insemination heterologous

refers to using sperm from a donor other that the husband

49

aspermia

condition involving lack of sperm or failure to ejaculate sperm

50

azoospermia

condition in which the semen lacks spermatozoa

51

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

52

prostatism

any condition of the prostate gland that interferes with the flow of urine from the bladder

53

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate where an endoscopic instrument is introduced directly through the urethra to the prostate and small pieces of the prostate gland are removed using an electrical cutting loop

54

castrate

removal of the testicles in a man or ovaries in the woman

55

circumcision

surgical procedure of removing the foreskin of the penis

56

condyloma

wartlike growth on the skin, most often seen on the external genitalia.

57

epispadias

congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis

58

erectile dysfunction (ED)

inability to achieve and maintain penile erection sufficient to complete satisfactory intercourse

59

euginics

study and control of the bringing for the of offspring as a means of improving genetic characteristics of future generations

60

gamete

mature reproductive cell of the male or female; spermatozoon or ovum

61

gonorrhea (GC)

highly contagious venereal disease of the genital mucous membrane of either sex

62

gynecomastia

pathological condition of excessive development of the mammary glands in the male

63

heterosexual

pertaining to the opposite sex; refers to an individual who has a sexual preference and relationship with the opposite sex

64

hydrocele

accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity. One that occurs during prenatal development is caused by a failure of the closures of the canal between the peritoneal cavity and the scrotum

65

spermatocele

cystic mass in the epididymis

66

varicocele

dilation of pampiniform venous complex

67

hypospadias

congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis

68

mitosis

ordinary condition of cell division

69

oligospermia

condition in which there is insufficient (scanty) amount of spermatozoa in the semen

70

phimosis

a condition that can be present at birth in which there is narrowing of the opening of the prepuce and the foreskin cannot be drawn back over the glans penis

71

prostatectomy

surgical excision of the prostate

72

spermatogenesis

formation of spermatozoa

73

spermatozoon

male sex cell

74

syphilis

infectious venereal disease caused by Treponema pallidum; which can be transmitted sexually

75

vasectomy

surgical procedure in which the vas deferens are tied off and cut apart providing sterility by preventing transport of sperm out of the testes

76

A vasectomy does not affect the man's ability to achieve orgasm, ejaculate, or achieve erections

Yeah!

77

testosterone toxicology

test performed on blood serum to identify the level of testosterone; increased level could indicate BPH and a decreased level could indicate hypogonadism

78

BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

79

DHT

Dihydrotestosterone

80

ED

erectile dysfunction

81

GC

gonorrhea

82

HPV

human papillomavirus

83

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

84

PSA

prostatic specific antigen

85

STDs

sexually transmitted diseases

86

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

87

VD

venereal disease

88

VDRL

venereal disease research laboratory

89

vesiculitis

Inflammation of the seminal vesicles

90

Varicocele

Enlargement and twisting of the veins of the spermatic cord