Chapter 17: Fire attack Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17: Fire attack Deck (81):
1

structure firefighting is based on?

experiments and experience

2

2 entities that conduct fire experiments?

national institute of standards and technology (nist)/underwriter labs (ul)

3

in 1908 american society for testing and materials that led to?

standard time temperature curve

4

by 1917 astm e 119 provided fire behavior as applied to structural firefighting?

standard test methods for fire tests of building construction and material.

5

100 years ago fires within a structure were?

fuel limited

6

modern fires are?

ventilation limited

7

stephen kirber (analysis of changing fire dynamics and its implication on ff operational time frames) indicates 4 factors that distinguish modern dwelling from legacy dwelling?

larger homes/open house geometries/increased fuel loads/new construction material

8

traditional fire behavior?

ignition/growth/fully developed/decay

9

nist began work to id ff survival factors when assisting?

dc's investigation of 1999 cherry road townhouse

10

who died in 1999 cherry road townhouse fire?

anthony phillips/louis matthews

11

which fire protection engineers continued research on wind driven fires?

dan madrzykowski and stephen gerber

12

volume between inlet and exhaust that allows movement of heat and smoke from higher pressure area to lower pressure area?

flow path

13

ul study of effectiveness of fire service vertical ventilation and suppression tactics in single family homes conducted by fdny in 2012 on governors island concluded the following?

essential to control access door/move from ventilation limited to fuel limited through application of water before vertical ventilation/30-90 seconds water application "softens" the target/can not make big enough hole

14

important factors limiting heat resource and temperatures?

limiting flow paths until fire supression water is ready

15

serves as eyes and ears of incident command?

company officer

16

the fire officer must frequently make decisions with?

little or no input from subordinates

17

success of a ____style comes when officer has developed trust of his/her subordinates?

authoratative

18

which nfpa standardizes sop's?

1720

19

examples of command staff roles?

safety officer/liaison officer/public information officer

20

systematic approach of gathering and processing info to deal with situation?

size up

21

when does size up begin and end?

before situation/once situation is stabilized

22

end result of good size up which identifies pertinent info, strategies and tactics and resources?

incident action plan (iap)

23

the ic must consciously differentiate _______ in processing size up info?

what is known/what is assumed/what is anticipated

24

specific size up begins with?

dispatch

25

should guide officers systematic thinking to ensure all important factors are considered?

sop's

26

understanding of _____ is needed to predict where fire is burning and where it will spread?

conduction/convection/radiation

27

most significant factor in size up?

visulization

28

experienced officers know vicarious dark smoke churning means a higher heat release indicating?

flashover conditions

29

____is generally closer to seat of fire than____

darker smoke/lighter smoke

30

the volume and color of smoke aid officer in determining?

ventilation timing

31

no smoke showing could indicate building is?

ventilation limited

32

class a combustibles usually indicate?

direct attack with water

33

class b combustibles require use of?

foams

34

in 194o chief lloyd layman authored fundamentals of fire tactics 5 step process for analyzing emergency situations? (FiPSDiP)

facts/probabilities/situation/decision/plan of operation

35

examples of additional facts?

visible smoke and fire conditions

36

things that are likely to happen or can be anticipated?

probabilities

37

aspect of considering probabilities is time it takes to?

accomplish fire ground tasks

38

3 situation considerations?

resources on scene or enroute adequate/specific capabilities or limitations of resources/limitations or capabilities or personel

39

4 questions officer needs to ask in decision step of laymans size up?

enough resources/sufficient resources for interior fire attack/most effective assignment of on scene resources/most effective assignment of responding resource

40

nfa's 3 phases of size up? (PIO)

pre incident info/initial size up/ongoing size up

41

3 questions of initial size up?

what do i have/where is it going/how do i control it

42

consists of advancement into building with means of extinguishment?

offensive operation

43

used when risks outweigh benefit?

defensive operation

44

when firefighting operation changes or is about to change?

transition operation

45

important components of iap after size up?

determination of appropriate strategy to mitigate situation/development of tactics to execute stratgey

46

strategies are?

general

47

tactics are?

specific

48

priorities for iap?

life safety/incident stabilization/property conservation

49

ranked lowest on priorities list?

property conservation

50

llloyd laymans 7 factors to assist developing iap? (RECEOVS)

rescue/exposures/confinement/extinguishment/overhaul/ventilation/salvage

51

when do many fires occur?

at night

52

many emergency operations are conducted?

in the street

53

which zone has the highest hazard and minimum number of crews in it?

hot zone

54

moderate hazards and restricted number of crews?

warm zone

55

minimum hazards and no restriction on crew size?

cold zone

56

fire officer should encourage ff's to have on duty____? with duplicate of important info

wallets/keys/phone

57

dedicated crew of ff's assigned for rapid deployment to rescue lost or trapped members? how many make up?

rapid intervention crew (ric)/4

58

nfpa standard for ric?

1407

59

2 members of initial attack crew should be?

initial rapid intervention crew (iric)

60

differnce between ric and iric?

ric is 4 members sometimes referred to as rit(rapid intervention team)/iric is 2 members of initial attack crew

61

radio term for lost ff?

mayday

62

systematic method of accounting for all personel at emergency incident?

personel accountability report

63

fire officer should have what type of contact w/ ff's to verify their status?

physical/visual

64

first arriving officer at incident assumes role of?

incident command

65

specific assignments typically performed by one company or small number of companies working together?

tasks

66

the ic should use____when assigning tasks?

tactical priorities

67

when situations exceed capabilities of organization sometimes this is needed?

mutual aid

68

more civilian deaths occur these type of dwellings than any other?

1 and 2 family dwellings

69

single family dwellings constructed since 1980 have?

geometry design w/ lightweight support components

70

type of construction common until 1930's?

balloon frame construction incorporated void spaces

71

low rise multiple family dwellings are often this type of construction?

type 5 (wood frame)

72

multiple family dwelling usually have this type of sprinkler?

13r

73

type of construction popular decades ago highlighted by inside steel flue and outside steel flue separated by 1 inch (2.5 cm) of air?

zero clearance chimney

74

nfpa estimates no automatic sprinklers in these dwellings?

41% high rise/45% high rise hotels/54% high rise apartments

75

built in sprinkler systems fail in?

one out 14 fires

76

responsible for communications and ff rehab?

service branch

77

responsible for adequate supplies, personnel, and equipment?

support branch

78

where primary logistics functions are coordinated and administered?

base

79

controls entry of ff's and civilians in lobby?

lobby control

80

labor intensive moving of equipment and firehose up and down stairwells?

stairwell support group

81

3_____ have killed members of the first arriving company since 1983?

wind driven fires