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Flashcards in Chapter 20 Mechanisms Regulating Affect Deck (19)
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1
Q

Which is NOT a principal behavioral component that must be included in any substantive contemporary theory of emotion?

a. self-reported cognition
b. stereotypical motor behavior
c. unconscious behavior
d. physiology

A

b. stereotypical motor behavior

2
Q

Philip Bard, working with animals with selective brain damage, emphasized the importance of the __________ in the production of emotional responses.

a. limbic lobe
b. frontal lobe
c. diencephalon
d. all of the above

A

c. diencephalon

3
Q

Bilateral anterior lobectomy in monkeys (and in at least one case, humans) produces a syndrome that includes __________.

a. visual agnosia
b. inappropriate sexual object choice
c. tameness
d. all of the above

A

d. all of the above

4
Q

In a study by Canli et al. (2004) it was demonstrated that individuals rated as “extroverts” showed greater activation of which brain region is response to “positive” stimuli?

a. superior temporal gyrus
b. amygdala
c. anterior cingulate cortex
d. orbitofrontal cortex

A

c. anterior cingulate cortex

5
Q

According to contemporary views, to add one structure to the original idea of Papez, which brain structure should be included in the “limbic system”?

a. the cingulate cortex
b. the amygdala
c. the pineal gland
d. the mammillary nucleus

A

b. the amygdala

6
Q

The __________ response is associated with bringing stimuli into contact with __________.

a. sham rage, hypothalamus
b. flehmen, amygdala
c. flehmen, Jacobson’s organ
d. stress, pituitary gland

A

c. flehmen, Jacobson’s organ

7
Q

In non-human primates who have had frontal lobe lesions, which is NOT an identified behavioral change?

a. loss of social dominance
b. increased vocalization
c. altered social preference
d. reduced affect

A

b. increased vocalization

8
Q

Damasio’s somatic marker hypothesis of emotion is strongly influenced by the early psychologist __________.

a. William James
b. Wilhelm Wundt
c. Sigmund Freud
d. Hermann Ebbinghaus

A

a. William James

9
Q

According to Ledoux (2000), in an emotionally arousing situation, the amygdala initiates each of the following reactions EXCEPT __________.

a. stress hormone release
b. emotional behavior
c. autonomic activation
d. pain sensitization

A

d. pain sensitization

10
Q

Which is most likely to be seen following left-hemisphere damage in humans?

a. increased spontaneous speech
b. impaired mimicry of emotional states
c. catastrophic reactions
d. facial expressions of emotion

A

c. catastrophic reactions

11
Q

Which is more characteristic of right-hemisphere damage than of left-hemisphere damage?

a. judgment of propositional affect
b. comprehension of verbal humor
c. matching emotional expressions
d. judgment of emotional expressions

A

b. comprehension of verbal humor

12
Q

According to Ross, which type of aprosodia is marked by deficits in prosodic repetition, prosodic comprehension, and comprehension of emotional gesturing?

a. sensory
b. conduction
c. mixed transcortical
d. anomic

A

a. sensory

13
Q

Hypergraphia, hypermoralism, and sense of personal destiny are all characteristics of __________.

a. frontal lobe lesions
b. the “temporal lobe” personality
c. the catastrophic reaction of left-hemisphere damage
d. paranoid schizophrenia

A

b. the “temporal lobe” personality

14
Q

Damage to __________ in the __________ hemisphere has been proposed to produce motor aprosodia.

a. Broca’s area, left
b. the frontal orbital cortex, right
c. Broca’s area, right
d. the temporal lobe, left

A

c. Broca’s area, right

15
Q

The __________ neural network in the frontal lobe is NOT a necessary component of self-awareness.

a. right frontoparietal
b. cortical midline
c. anterior cingulate
d. all of the above

A

c. anterior cingulate

16
Q

SOCIAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE

A

field of neuroscience that encompasses all cognitive processes, individuals and groups

17
Q

APROSODIA

A

loss of production or comprehension of different tones of voice

18
Q

AFFECT

A

the feeling experienced in connection with an emotion; the emotional complex associated with a mental state; the feeling of pleasantness or unpleasantness evoked by a stimulus (Freud)

19
Q

UNCONSCIOUS INFERENCE

A

decision or judgment made w/o knowing the source of information leading to the judgment