Chapter 2.3 - Organic Molecules Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2.3 - Organic Molecules Deck (18):
1

What do organic molecules have?

Carbon atoms

2

What are macromolecules?

Large organic molecules that consist of hundreds or thousands or atoms

3

What are polymers?

Molecules that consist of a single unit

4

Many macromolecules are _____

polymers

5

A molecule that consists of a single unit is called a _____. The single unit is called _____

polymer
monomer

6

Carbon has how many electrons?

6 electrons

7

How many of carbon's electrons are available to bond with other atoms?

4 out of 6

8

There are always ___ lines connecting a carbon atom to another atom

4

9

What does each line between a carbon atom and another atom share?

Shared electron

10

2 ways complex molecules can be formed

-Stringing carbon atoms in a straight line
-Connecting carbons together to form rings

11

What atoms can be added to a complex molecule to add variety?

Nitrogen, oxygen, etc.

12

Why do many organic molecules share similar properties?

Because they have functional groups

13

What are functional groups?

Similar clusters of atoms

14

How many functional groups are there?

5

15

What do functional groups give to a molecule?

Gives molecule a particular property, like acidity or polarity

16

What are the 4 important classes of organic molecules?

Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids

17

What are the functional groups?

-Hydroxyl
-Carboxyl
-Amino
-Phosphate
-Methyl

18

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