Flashcards in Chapter 2.3 - Organic Molecules Deck (18):
What do organic molecules have?
What are macromolecules?
Large organic molecules that consist of hundreds or thousands or atoms
What are polymers?
Molecules that consist of a single unit
Many macromolecules are _____
A molecule that consists of a single unit is called a _____. The single unit is called _____
Carbon has how many electrons?
How many of carbon's electrons are available to bond with other atoms?
4 out of 6
There are always ___ lines connecting a carbon atom to another atom
What does each line between a carbon atom and another atom share?
2 ways complex molecules can be formed
-Stringing carbon atoms in a straight line
-Connecting carbons together to form rings
What atoms can be added to a complex molecule to add variety?
Nitrogen, oxygen, etc.
Why do many organic molecules share similar properties?
Because they have functional groups
What are functional groups?
Similar clusters of atoms
How many functional groups are there?
What do functional groups give to a molecule?
Gives molecule a particular property, like acidity or polarity
What are the 4 important classes of organic molecules?
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
What are the functional groups?