Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent - vocab Flashcards Preview

Social Studies > Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent - vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent - vocab Deck (26):
1

fertile crescent

an area of rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began

2

silt

a mixture of fertile soil and tiny rocks that can make land ideal for farming

3

irrigation

a way of supplying water to an area of land

4

canals

human made waterways

5

surplus

more of something than is needed

6

division of labor

an arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job

7

rural

a countryside area

8

urban

a city area

9

city-state

a political unit consisting of a city and its surrounding countryside

10

Gilgamesh

King of Uruk, a city-state in Sumer. He became a legendary figure in Sumerian literature

11

Sargon

King of Akkad, a land north of Sumer. He built the world's first empire after defeating Sumer and northern Mesopotamia

12

empire

land with different territories and peoples under a single rule

13

polytheism

the worship of many gods

14

priests

people who perform religious ceremonies

15

social hierarchy

the division of society by rank or class

16

cuneiform

the world's first system of writing; developed in Sumer

17

pictographs

a picture symbol

18

scribe

a writer

19

epics

long poems that tell the stories of heroes

20

architecture

the science of building

21

ziggurat

a pyramid-shaped temple in Sumer

22

monarch

a ruler of a kingdom or empire

23

Hammurabi's Code

a set of 282 laws governing daily life in Babylon; the earliest known collection of written laws

24

chariot

a wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle

25

Nebuchadnezzar

Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city, which featured the famed Hanging Gardens

26

alphabet

a set of letters that can be combined to form words