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Flashcards in chapter 1 questions Deck (22):

How are the fields of history and archaeology similar?

History and archaeology both study the people and places of the past.


What are some benefits of studying history?

Studying history allows us to:

  • Know Ourselves
    • know what we enjoyed or did not enjoy doing in our past
    • shapes our identity and teaches us the values we share with others
  • Know Others
    • we learn about other peoples and how our cultures are similar and different
  • Know the World
    • helps us have a better understanding of how your culture interacts with the outside world
    • helps you understand how today's events are shaped by events of the past


How are primary and secondary sources different?

A primary source is an account of an event told by someone who took part in or witnessed the event.

A secondary source is an account of an event gathered by someone who was not involved in the event.


What kinds of things do historians try to discover about people who lived in the past?

Historians want to know how people lived and why they did the things they did. They try to learn about the problems people faced and how they found solutions.


What kinds of evidence will historians of the future study to learn about your culture?

Historians will most likely look at our technology to learn about our lives.  They will also look at photos and listen to the music of our time.


How does knowing its own history provide a group with a sense of unity?

Remembering our nation's greatest triumphs and tragedies help us feel connected because of our shared experiences.  It shapes our identity as part of a group and teaches us the calues we share.


How did the invention of writing affect the sources on which historians rely?

Written sources give historians recorded messages about the past, which give historians clues about how people lived.


What are four types of clues to the past?




audio or video recording


What are the two main branches of geography?

Physical geography is the study of earth's land and features.

Human geography is the study of people and the places where they live.


What are some types of features that can identify a region?

  • physical
  • climate
  • population
  • roads


What are some ways geography has shaped human history?

  • People in areas with many natural resources can use these resources to get rich.
  • Features such as rivers made trade easier.
  • Floods have killed many people and lack of rainfall has brought on deadly food shortages.


What are some topics included in human geography?

  • type of work people do
  • how do they get their food
  • what type of home do they live in
  • what religions do they practice
  • how do people survive evironment challenges
    • desert
    • flood plain


How might a map of a city's landforms help an official who is planning a new cuty park?

The official could plan the park around water features or to avoid rocky areas for play space.


Where did early peoples tend to settle?

Early peoples settled close to water for a food source and for easier transport.


How could a river be both a valuable resource and a problem for a region?

A river is a valuable means of transport and a source of food for a region.  However the river could also be a source of flooding at times of heavy rain.


History is the study of the past based on what people left behind.

False -- archaeology


Knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people are part of their environment.

false -- culture


A handwritten letter from a soldier to his family would be considered a primary source.



Geography is the study of the past, whether recent or long ago.

false -- history


Your state probably has many different landforms, such as mountains, plains, and valleys.



Weather changes from day to day, but a location's climate does not change as often.



Values are ideas that people hold dear and try to live by.