Chapter 14 Section 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Section 1 Deck (22):
1

Roman emperor who divided the Roman Empire into eastern and western halves

Diocletian

2

King of the Franks, he was a Christian leader who was one of the most powerful rulers of the Germanic barbarians

Clovis

3

leader of the Huns, he led invasions of Constantinople, Greece, Gaul, and northern Italy and was greatly feared by the Romans

Attila

4

the decay of people's values

corruption

5

What was one major problem from outside of the Roman Empire?

attacks from tribes of Germanic warriors and from Persian armies

6

Name a few problems from within the Empire.

disease, higher taxes to pay for defense of the Empire, Germanic communities invited by the Romans to help farm and produce more food

7

Why did Diocletian divide the Roman Empire in two?

He was convinced that the empire was too big for one person to rule. He ruled the eastern half of the empire and named a co-emperor to rule the west.

8

Who reunited the two halves of the Roman Empire after Diocletian left power?

Constantine

9

Where did Constantine move the capital of the Roman Empire?

He built a new city in what is now Turkey. He called the city Constantinople.

10

Who were the warriors from Central Asia who invaded southeastern Europe?

the Huns

11

Who were the victims of the raids by the Huns?

the Goths

12

The Goths could not defeat the Huns and were trapped. Where did they go next?

They entered Roman territory.

13

What ultimately caused the Goths to sack Rome?

The Romans fought the Goths for years and even paid the Goths not to attack them. After many years, the Romans decided to stop making payments. This angered the Goths, who then sacked, or destroyed, Rome.

14

Who invaded Spain?

the Vandals

15

Who invaded Britain?

Angles, Saxons, and Jutes

16

Who invaded Gaul?

the Franks

17

What is the current name for Constantinople?

Istanbul

18

Why did Rome fall to barbarians in the 400s?

As attacks on Rome's borders increased, military leaders took power away from the emperors. These military leaders were too busy fighting among themselves to protect the empire. Barbarian leaders took advantage of this and invaded Rome. In 476 a barbarian general overthrew the last emperor in Rome and named himself king of Italy.

19

What are a few factors in the fall of the Roman Empire?

1- barbarian invasions
2- political corruption
3- to protect their estates and wealth, many landowners created their own armies.
4- Rome's population decreased and schools closed

20

How did corruption alter Roman society in the 400s?

Many wealthy citizens fled the city of Rome to their country estates.

21

Where did Constantine move Rome's capital?

Constantinople

22

Why did the Goths move into the Roman Empire in the 300s?

They could not defeat the Huns and were trapped between the Huns and Rome. They had nowhere to go but into Rome.