Chapter 9 Section 1 and 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Section 1 and 2 Deck (24):
1

the Greek word for city-state

polis

2

an age marked by great achievements

classical

3

a high hill upon which a Greek fortress was built

acropolis

4

a type of government in which people rule themselves

democracy

5

a rich landowner or noble

aristocrat

6

a government in which only a few people have power

oligarchy

7

a person who has the right to participate in government

citizen

8

an ancient Greek leader who held power through the use of force

tyrant

9

Athenian leader who encouraged the spread of democracy and led Athens when the city was at its height

Pericles

10

What bodies of water surround Greece?

Ionian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea

11

How did mountains affect the location of Greek settlements?

Because mountains cover much of Greece, people settled in the flat areas along the coast and in river valleys. Travel across the mountains was difficult, so communities were isolated from each other.

12

To what regions did Minoan and Mycenaean traders travel?

The Minoans traded all around the eastern Mediterranean. The Mycenaeans set up colonies in northern Greece and Italy and shipped their goods around the Mediterranean and Black seas.

13

Why did the Greeks develop city-states?

The city-state provided security and identity for its people.

14

What kinds of landforms are found around Greece?

The mainland of Greece is a peninsula surrounded by islands. Greece is mostly mountains with a few small valleys and coastal plains.

15

How did the sea help shape early Greek society?

Travel inland was very difficult because of the mountains. The Greeks instead turned to the sea. The Greeks became skilled shipbuilders and sailors. The sea was a source of food and a way of trading with other communities.

16

How might the difficulty of mountain travel have been a benefit to the Greeks?

communities were isolated from each other. People created their own governments and ways of life.

17

What was the first major civilization to develop in Greece?

Minoans

18

How were the Minoans and Mycenaeans similar?

They were both societies built around trade.

19

Why do you think the Greeks built their cities around a high acropolis?

This was probably to give the people of the city-state a visual advantage to guard against invasion.

20

How did people vote in ancient Greece?

Voting was usually done by a show of hands, but sometimes assembly members wrote their votes on broken pieces of pottery. Officials collected these pottery pieces and counted the votes.

21

How were citizens involved in the government of Athens?

Only free male citizens of Athens were members of the assembly with the right to vote. Women, slaves, and foreigners could not participate.

22

How are direct democracy and representative democracy different?

Direct Democracy:
-all citizens meet to debate and vote directly on every issue
-no separation of powers
-only free male citizens could vote

Representative Democracy:
-citizens elect representatives to debate and vote on issues
-separation of powers
-all citizens have right to vote

23

How are oligarchy and tyranny different?

Oligarchy is rule by a few, meaning a small group of powerful aristocrats. Tyranny is rule by one, who held power by force.

24

How did Pericles change Athenian democracy?

He encouraged Athenians to take pride in their city and become involved. He believed participating in government was just as important as defending Athens in war. He began to pay people who served in public offices and on juries.