Chapter 13 Section 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Section 3 Deck (15):
1

a person who dies for his or her beliefs

martyr

2

the punishment of a group because of its beliefs or differences

persecution

3

local leaders in the early Christian church

bishops

4

the central ceremony of the Christian church, honoring the last supper that Jesus shared with his Apostles before he died

Eucharist

5

the bishop of Rome and the head of the Roman Catholic church

pope

6

Christian writer who taught that Christians should focus not on worldly goods but on God's plan for the world; his ideas helped shape Christian beliefs

Augustine of Hippo

7

Roman emperor, he was the first Roman emperor to become a Christian. He moved the empire's capital from Rome to Constantinople and removed bans on Christianity

Constantine

8

Why did the Romans begin persecuting the Christians?

Most of Rome's emperors let Christians worship as they pleased/ A few emperors in the 200s and 300s though feared that the Christians could cause unrest in the empire.

9

How did Constantine and Theodosius influence Christianity?

Constantine was the first emperor to become Christian. He also removed bans against the practice of Christianity. Theodosius was another Christian emperor. He banned all non-Christian religious practices throughout the empire.

10

How did Paul change the way people spread Christianity?

Paul travelled from place to place spreading the word.

11

Why do you think martyrs are admired?

Martyrs were so strong in their beliefs that they were willing to die rather than give them up.

12

Who was Rome's first Christian emperor?

Constantine

13

How did Constantine's policies toward Christianity differ from Theodosius's?

Constantine removed the ban on Christianity, allowing people to choose how they wanted to worship. Theodosius banned all non-Christian worship.

14

What was the role of bishops in the early church?

Bishops helped people understand and live by Christian teachings. Their most important duty was leading Christian's in celebrating the Eucharist.

15

Why did the pope have influence over many other bishops?

The pope had great influence over the other bishops because they were seen as the spiritual successors of Peter, the leader of the Apostles.