Chapter 2 section 2 and 3 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 section 2 and 3 vocab Deck (16):
1

migrate

move to a new place

2

ice ages

long periods of freezing weather

3

land bridge

a strip of land connecting two continents

4

Mesolithic Era

the middle part of the Stone Age; marked by the creation of smaller and more complex tools

5

Neolithic Era

New Stone Age; when people learned to make fire and tools such as saws and drills

6

domestication

the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans

7

agriculture

farming

8

megaliths

huge stones used as monuments

9

How did the ice ages influence human migration?

During the ice ages, the ocean level dropped and exposed a land bridge which allowed Stone Age peoples to migrate around the world.

10

What were two ways people adapted to new environments?

People needed to keep warm in very cold areas, so they learned to sew animal skins together to make clothing.
People also made more complex tools to adapt to new environments.

11

Why did it take so long for early people to reach South America?

In order to reach South America, early people started in Africa and migrated north to Europe and Asia. Then they had to migrate east into North America before finally moving south into South America.

12

What did people use to make tools in the Mesolithic Era?

bone and stone.

13

Why did people have to learn to make clothes and build shelters?

As people moved to new lands, they found environments that varied greatly from East Africa. Many places were much colder and had strange animals. They needed to find shelter and make clothes to keep warm.

14

What was one effect of the switch to farming?

For the first time, people could produce their own food.

15

How did farming contribute to the growth of towns?

As people started to raise crops and animals, they needed to stay in one place. They began to build permanent settlements which developed into towns.

16

How did early people use domesticated animals?

They used animals for food, milk, wool, and to carry or pull heavy loads.