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1

many of our current sports come from late 19th century what?

Britain, played by "gentleman amateurs"

2

what paved the way for limited women's physical activity

social darwinism and nationalism

3

victorians used what to justify cultural differences between women and men

biological explanations

4

sport was modernized through

written rules
regulated spaces and times
organized competitions
international diffusion
creation of national teams/ international governing bodies

5

canadian sport history

European explorers "discover" the new world and native north American in the 15-16 centuries
games were prevalent in indigenous communities
more interested in survival skills besides baggataway

6

the early years

slow development during 17-18th century due to church and war influences
industrial revolution- increased leisure time and engagement in sport and games
cricket largely privileged to upper class

7

women's sport, graceful athleticism

begun prodominantly in 1880's
light exercise and concentrated on making women both strong and graceful
goal: protecting women, based on the assumption that they were weak, fragile

8

1890's bicycle craze

invention of the pneumatic tire and the safety bicycle
mass production
revolutionary impact on womens access to physical activity
ided by the intro of the "bloomer" bi-furcated skirt

9

1920's-30's

golden age

10

first-wave feminism

political changes
-suffragette movement
-winning the vote
prohibtion

11

1920's

social changes

12

fanny "bobby" rosenfeld

gold and silver medals in track an field 1928
hockey and softball star
named canada's female athlete of the half century in 1950

13

preston rivulettes

348 wins 2 loses
8 consecutive ontario champs
6 constitutive national tittles

14

edmonton grads

most successful team in canadian sports history
502 wins 20 losses (1915-1940)
18 can titles
17 NA titles

15

women organizing sport for women

leaders such as alice milliat
created international federation
hosted womens only games

16

womens olympics

1922 paris
1926 gottenberg
womens world games
1930 prague
1934 london

17

women at the 1928 Olympics

matchless six won: gold in high jump
gold in 4x 100 relay
silver and bronze in 100 m

18

philosophy

the art of wondering

19

religion, science, philosophy

religion: belief , faith
science: experiment, observe, describe
philosophy: reasoning, argumentation, logic

20

metaphysics

study of what is real

21

epistemology

study of knowledge

22

aesthetics

study of beauty

23

ethics

study of how we should live

24

logic

study of arguement analysis

25

philosophy

to think more intentionally, seriously, rigorously and thoroughly about physical activity and leisure

26

eras of western philosophical thought

socrates plato aristotle alexander

27

the dark ages

post roman empire collapse in 476 (500 to 1500)
when rome fell, intellectual stagnation and regression followed
imagery of war, destruction, death
life was a physical test, so PE was not needed except to prepare for war

28

dualism

two opposing parts or elements
metaphysical dualism: clear distinction between the body and the mind
seperation of our being/existence into 2 substances
key dualists: plato and descartes

29

the legacy of dualism

1. in education
2. in religion
3. in medicine

30

scholasticism

privileging of mind over body in education
physical activity only to keep the body healthy, not for enjoyment
remains prevalent in western unis