Flashcards in Chapter 6: Blood & The Lymphatic & Immune Systems Deck (68):
Initiates blood clotting process
What are the formed elements of blood cells?
The average adults has how much blood?
The process in which blood cells are produces in red bone marrow
What are the proteins in plasma?
Helps transport fatty substances
Gamma globulins are antibodies
Blood clotting Protein
What are red blood cells?
What gives red blood cells their color?
What is the lifespan of a red blood cell?
What are White blood cells?
Leukocytes that provide protection against pathogens.
What are the 2 categories for white blood cells?
Have granules in cytoplasm
No granules in cytoplasm
What are the 3 types of granulocytes?
Release histamine & heparin to damaged tissue
Destroy parasites & increase during allergic reaction
Important for phagocytosis
What are the 2 types of Agranulocytes?
Important for phagocytosis
Provide protection through immunity
What are platelets?
Also known as thrombocytes, they are critical in clotting. They lead to the formation of thrombin.
Clots that form into small clusters when blood vessel is damaged.
Converts fibrinogen to fibrin.
Type A Blood
Produces anti-B antibodies that attack type B & AB blood.
Type B Blood
Produces anti-A antibodies that attacks type A & AB blood.
Type O Blood
Produces anti-A & anti-B antibodies that attacks type A, type B, & type AB blood.
Type AB Blood
Produces no antibodies that does not attack any other type of blood.
A type O blood that does not have an antibody, so it will not attack any blood type.
A type AB blood that has no antibodies against other blood types and therefore, receive any type of blood.
Will not make anti-Rh antibodies
Will produce anti-Rh antibodies
white blood cell without granules
pertaining to blood
condition of having too many platelets
condition of having too few platelets
What are the 5 organs of the lymphatic System?
fluid within lymphatic vessels
lymph vessels around the small intestine that assists with fat absorption
One-way pipe conducting lymph from tissues toward thoracic activity using valves to prevent backflow
What is the progress of lymphatic vessels?
Lymph capillaries in tissues merge into larger lymph vessels that drain into one of two large lymphatic ducts in thoracic activity
Removes pathogens & cell debris from lymph as it passes through
Traps and destroys cells from cancerous tumors
Collections of lymphatic tissue located on each side of throat
What are the 3 sets of tonsils?
Consists of lymphatic tissue that is highly infiltrated with blood vessels
What is the function of a spleen?
Phagocytic macrophages line blood sinuses to remove pathogens
Filters out and destroys old red blood cells, recycling iron
Changes lymphocytes to T Lymphocytes (T Cells)
Whaat are the 2 forms of immunity?
Doesn't require prior exposure to pathogen
Body's response to a specific pathogen
May be either Passive or Active
Passive Acquired Immunity
When a person receives protective substances produced by another human or animal
Active Acquired Immunity
Develops following direct exposure to pathogen
Stimulates immune response
Antigens stimulate immune response
What are the 2 different processes of Immune Response
Production of B lymphocytes
Produces T Cells and Natural Killer Cells
Acquired in the hospital
Pathogen acquired from another person
Becomes infected again with same pathogen
Pathogen from one part of the patient's body spreads to another part of the body
pertaining to the underarm region
antibodies secreted by B cells; assist in protecting the body
pertaining to the groin region
pertaining to the lymph vessels
severe itching associated with hives