Chapter 8: Culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8: Culture Deck (26)
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1

Enculturation

The process by which a child learns his or her own culture

2

Culture

Sets of learned behaviours and ideas that humans acquire as members of society

3

Transmission

Ability to copy a behaviour by observing or learning

4

Memory

Ability to remember behaviours

5

Reiteration

Ability to reproduce or imitate behaviours

6

Innovation

Ability to develop new behaviours

7

Selection

Ability to know which behaviours to keep or discard

8

Culture is shared

Within and across groups

9

Culture is symbolic

Ex: Language

10

Culture is patterned

Cultures are varied, but patterns exist

11

Culture is learned

Enculturation

12

Culture is holistic

All encompassing

13

Ethnocentrism

The opinion that one's own way of life is natural and correct

14

Cultural relativism

The idea that all people are important and have viable cultures

15

Cultural adaptation

Cultural activities that help humans succeed in environments

16

Maladaptations

Cultural activities that harm humans/environments

17

Agency

Control of one's own life

18

Cultural determinism

The false belief that the culture in which we are raised determines who we are at all levels

19

Participant-Observation research

Extended periods of close contact with another society

20

Ethnography

Holistic study of a single group of people within a period of time

21

Ethnology

Multiple groups in comparison, usually with a theme

22

Holism

An analysis of a society as a whole which refuses to break society into component parts.

23

Emic

From within the social group.

24

Etic

From outside the social group.

25

Traditional ecological knowledge

Set of tools, skills, and knowledge used by the people for survival.

26

Entomophagy

The practice of eating insects.