Flashcards in Chapter 7: Archaeology of the last 5,000 years Deck (12)
Characteristics of a state
An agricultural base
State level political organization
At least 1 city
Control of a specific territory
No class divisions except by age, gender, and one's abilities.
Cradle of civilization
Large scale food production
Trade and travel
Writing system- taxes
Ecological collapse of a state
Depletion of soil nutrients
Sociopolitical collapse of states
Failure of trading networks
Ideological collapse of states
Too many resources spent on religious activities
Oldest variety of potato in NA
Spanish potatoes from Andes
Still planted today
Focuses on an area and time period for which written records exist.
Study of contemporary North American waste.
Archaeology without testable hypotheses (Ex: aliens & pyramids)