Chapter 7: Archaeology of the last 5,000 years Flashcards Preview

Anthropology 100 > Chapter 7: Archaeology of the last 5,000 years > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7: Archaeology of the last 5,000 years Deck (12)
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1

Characteristics of a state

An agricultural base
Writing
State level political organization
At least 1 city
Control of a specific territory

2

Egalitarianism

No class divisions except by age, gender, and one's abilities.

3

Ranked society

Hereditary inequality.

4

Mesopotamia

Cradle of civilization
Large scale food production
Trade and travel
Writing system- taxes
Massive temples

5

Ecological collapse of a state

Climate change
Crop disease
Depletion of soil nutrients

6

Sociopolitical collapse of states

Internal conflict
War
Failure of trading networks

7

Ideological collapse of states

Too many resources spent on religious activities

8

Ozette site

Washington area
Oldest variety of potato in NA
Spanish potatoes from Andes
Still planted today

9

Historic archaeology

Focuses on an area and time period for which written records exist.

10

Garbology

Study of contemporary North American waste.

11

Pseudoarchaeology

Archaeology without testable hypotheses (Ex: aliens & pyramids)

12

Social stratification

Sharp social divisions based on unequal access to wealth and power.