Chapter 11: Marriage, Family, and Gender Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Marriage, Family, and Gender Deck (31)
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1

Kinship

Systems that focus on ideas about shared substance and its transmission.

2

Descent groups

Those who trace their lineage to a single ancestor, real or fictive.

3

Bilateral descent

Related to each other by connections made through their mother and father equally.

4

Patrilineal descent

Group formed by people connected by father-child links.

5

Matrilineal descent

Group formed by people connected by mother-child links.

6

Nuclear family

Family pattern made up of 2 generations: Parents and their unmarried kids.

7

Extended family

Family pattern made up of 3 generations living together: Parents, married children, and grandchildren.

8

Family of orientation

Family in which one is born and grows up.

9

Family of procreation

Formed through marriage and children.

10

Neolocality

New home

11

Patrilocality

Married couples living in the husband's community.

12

Matrilocality

Married couples living in the wife's community.

13

Monogamy

A marriage pattern in which a person may be married to only one person at a time.

14

Polygamy

Having more than one spouse at a time (Is illegal in Canada).

15

Endogamy

Marriage within a defined social group.

16

Exogamy

Marriage outside a defined social group.

17

Incest

In Canada a person may not marry their parent, grandparent, child, grandchild or sibling (Siblings by half, whole, or adoption).

18

Bridewealth

Transfer goods/labour from the groom's family to the bride's.

19

Dowry

The wealth transferred from parents to their daughter or husband.

20

Sex

Biological and physical differences.

21

Gender

A person's experience and expression of their identity as male, female, both, or neither.

22

Gender roles

Culturally appropriate roles of individuals in society of different sexes and/or gender identities.

23

Sexual orientation

Romantic or sexual attraction to another person.

24

Gender stereotypes

Oversimplified, strongly held ideas about the characteristics of males and females.

25

Gender stratification

Unequal distribution of rewards between men and women.

26

Polygyny

When a man has more than one wife.

27

Polyandry

The rare case in which a woman has more than one husband.

28

Levirate marriage

When the brother of a man who has died is required to marry his brother's widow.

29

Consanguinity

The quality of being descended from the same ancestor as another person.

30

Affinal

Of a family relationship by marriage of a relative.