Chapter 9: Language and Culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: Language and Culture Deck (12)
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1

Language

A system of communication consisting of sounds and/or gestures.

2

Symbolic language

Is uniquely human
Allow us to communicate with some, but creates barriers with others.

3

Index signs

An emotional expression that carries meaning directly related to the response.

4

Symbol

Something that stands for something else with little or no natural relationship to its referent.

5

Paralanguage

How we express meaning through sounds beyond words.

6

Voice qualities

Background characteristics of a person's voice.

7

Vocalizations

Intentional sounds humans use to express meaning.

8

Ethnolinguistics

Study of the relationship between language and culture.

9

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

Language shapes people's perception of the world, because language structures our thoughts.

10

Linguistic determinism (strong)

Language determines thought and can limit the way we think.

11

Weak hypothesis

Language influences thoughts and worldview.

12

Dialects

Forms of a language that are similar enough to be mutually intelligible.