Chapter 6: Cultural Diversity from 20,000 to 5,000 YA Flashcards Preview

Anthropology 100 > Chapter 6: Cultural Diversity from 20,000 to 5,000 YA > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6: Cultural Diversity from 20,000 to 5,000 YA Deck (15)
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1

20,000-15,000 YA

Domestication of dogs
People begin colonizing Americas

2

15,000-10,000 YA

Transition in many parts of the world to food production
megafauna hunting in N. America

3

10,000-5,000 YA

Significant population growth
Civilization and writing emerge

4

Possible entry routes to N.America

Coastal Migration, Ice Free Corridor, Solutrean Hypothesis, Kelp Highway

5

Kennewick Man

Discovered by accident
Oldest human remains found in N.America (over 9000 years old)
Claimed and reburied by the Umatilla people

6

Fluted (Clovis) points

Spearheads used until about 3,000 YA to hunt mammoths

7

Foraging

Hunting and Gathering

8

Cultivation

Horticulture and Agriculture

9

Pastoralism

Domesticated animals
Symbiotic relationship
Direct use of animals for food

10

Industrialism

Modern subsistence strategy

11

Foraging

All humans until 10,000 YA
Women gather, Men hunt

12

Neolithic

Period with 1st signs of domestication
Hunting to farming
Sedentism
Town life
Development of states

13

Domesticated crops

Larger seeds
Higher overall yield
More brittle husks

14

Trade-offs of food production

Sedentism vs. Mobility
Security vs. Risk (more than 1 crop)
Increasing population vs. Increasing production to support it

15

Signs of domestication

Animals outside natural range
Fences/Walls
Have selected traits