Chapter 10: Food getting and economics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10: Food getting and economics Deck (11)
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1

Foodways

The way in which a society gets their food.

2

Foragers/Hunter-gatherers

Almost always nomadic
Wild vegetation, animals, and fish

3

Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK)

Set of tools, skills, and knowledge used by people for survival.

4

Reciprocity

A set of social rules that govern the sharing of food and other items.

5

The Inuit

Canadian north
12-50 members
Nomadic
Animals and fish
TEK
Generalized reciprocity

6

The Ju/'hoansi

Kalahari desert
30-40 members
Nomadic
Animals and wild plants
TEK
Generalized reciprocity

7

Redistribution

An economic system in which goods and money flow into a central entity, such as a gov't authority or religious institution.

8

Market economy

System in which prices are set by supply and demand.

9

Horticulture

Cultivation that does not make intensive use of land, labour, capital etc.
Sedentary villages
Small-scale farms

10

Agriculture

Cultivation that requires intensive and continuous use of land.
Domesticated animals
Irrigation
Terracing
Rise of cities

11

Industrialism

Producing food at low costs with highly mechanized technology.