Chapter 9 - Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Antibiotics Deck (3):
1

Aminoglycosides (I - A)

Gentamicin

Treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible bacteria.

Inhibits protein synthesis in susceptible strains of gram NEGATIVE bacteria, disrupting functional integrity of the cell membrane and causing cell death.

2

Aminoglycosides (CI - DD):

CI: Pre-existing hearing loss
Active infection of herpes or mycobacterial infections
Parkinsonism or Myasthenia gravis
NECESSARY to test urine function frequently

DD: Synergenistic with penicillins, cephalosporins, or ticarcillin
Avoid using with potent diuretics
If PT is going under surgery indicate prominently on chart that the drug has been given.

3

Aminoglycosides (AE)

Sinusitis
Nephrotoxicity