Flashcards in Chapter 22 - Psychotherapeutic Agents Deck (12):
Manifestations of psychotic disorders
Relief of preoperative restlessness
Adj treatment of tetanus
acute intermittent porphyria
Severe behavioral problems in children
Control of hiccups N/V
Blocks synaptic dopamine receptors in the brain, depresses those parts of the brain involved in wakefulness and emesis, anticholinergic, antihistaminic, alpha-adrenergic blocking.
CI: CNS depression, circulatory collapse, Parkinson's, coronary disease, patients experience increased CV events and death. children younger than 12 years of age.
DD: Beta blockers
Other antipsychotic agents (^anticholinergic)
Management of severely ill patients with schizophrenia who are unresponsive to standard drugs; reduction of risk of recurrent suicidal behavior in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.
Blocks dopamine and serotonin receptors, depresses the RAS, anticholinergic, antihistaminic, alpha-adrenergic blocking.
Headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, syncope
Lithium (I) (A)
I: Treatment of manic episodes of bipolar, manic depressive illness.
A: Alter sodium transport in nerve and muscle cells; inhibits the release of norepinephrine and dopamine, but not serotonin, from stimulated neurons; increases the intraneuronal stores of norepinephrine and dopamine slightly; and decreases the intraneuronal contents of second messengers.
Central nervous system problems, including with RG, slurred speech cardiovascular collapse, coma,
CI: significant renal or cardiac disease, Leukemia, Dehydration, diuretic use, Sodium depletion, suicidal or impulsive pt, Infection with fever
DD: thiazides increase lithium toxicity cus of loss of sodium
antacids (v effect of lithium)
I: narcolepsy and attention deficit disorder
A: mild cortical stimulation with central nervous system actions similar to those of amphetamines
Increased or decreased pulse rate and blood pressure, Loss of appetite