Chapter 9. Male Reproductive System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9. Male Reproductive System - Medical Terms Deck (65)
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1

androgen

hormone that stimulated development of male secondary sex characteristics, such as beard growth and deepening of voice

2

aspermia

failure in a male of production of sperm cells (spermatozoa) as well as ejaculation of semen (fluid and sperm cells)

3

azoospermia

lack of live sperm in the semen

4

balanitis

inflammation of the glas penis

5

benign prostatis hyperplasia

increased growth of the prostate gland in numbers of cells

6

bulbourethral gland

one of a pair of exocrine glands, located on either side of the male urethra, gland just below the prostate gland; secretes fluid that is part of semen ; Cowper gland

7

castration

removal of sex glands (gonads); ovaries or testes

8

chancre

primary lesion of syphilis; a hard ulcer occuring at the site of entry of the bacterial infection and most frequently on the external genetalia of a male or female

9

chlamydial infection

sexually transmitted bacterial infection that invades the male urethra and female vagina and cervix

10

circumcision

surgical removal of the foreskin (prepuce) surrounding the end of the penis

11

cryogenic surgery

use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze or destroy tissue

12

cyrptorchism

one or both testes fail to descend from the abdomen in the scrotal sac near the time of birth

13

ejaculation

ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra as a result of sexual stimulation

14

ejaculatory duct

tube through which semen enters the male urethra

15

embryonal carcinoma

malignant tumor of the testes

16

epididymis

on of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis; carries sperm cells to the vas deferens

17

epididymitis

inflammation of an epididymis

18

erectile dysfunction

inability of an adult male of achieve an erection; impotence

19

flagellum

a flagellum is a hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile

20

fraternal twins

two infants born of the same pregnancy from two separate ova and two separate sperm cells

21

glans penis

sensitive tip (surrounded by foreskin) of the penis

22

gonorrhea

sexually transmitted infection involving inflammation of genital tract mucous membranes and caused by gonococci (berry-shaped bacteria)

23

herpes genitalis

sexually transmitted infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals caused by herpes simplex virus and marked by blisters

24

human papillomavirus

infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region by the human papillomavirus

25

hydrocele

hernia (sac of clear, watery fluid) within the scrotum

26

hypospadias

congenital anomaly in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis

27

identical twins

two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two separate embryos

28

impotence

inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; erectile dysfunction

29

ligation

tying off a tube or blood vessel; thread or wire is used

30

oliogospermia

scanty (less than the normal number of sperm in semen) sperm count

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