Chapter 9. Male Reproductive System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9. Male Reproductive System - Medical Terms Deck (65):
1

androgen

hormone that stimulated development of male secondary sex characteristics, such as beard growth and deepening of voice

2

aspermia

failure in a male of production of sperm cells (spermatozoa) as well as ejaculation of semen (fluid and sperm cells)

3

azoospermia

lack of live sperm in the semen

4

balanitis

inflammation of the glas penis

5

benign prostatis hyperplasia

increased growth of the prostate gland in numbers of cells

6

bulbourethral gland

one of a pair of exocrine glands, located on either side of the male urethra, gland just below the prostate gland; secretes fluid that is part of semen ; Cowper gland

7

castration

removal of sex glands (gonads); ovaries or testes

8

chancre

primary lesion of syphilis; a hard ulcer occuring at the site of entry of the bacterial infection and most frequently on the external genetalia of a male or female

9

chlamydial infection

sexually transmitted bacterial infection that invades the male urethra and female vagina and cervix

10

circumcision

surgical removal of the foreskin (prepuce) surrounding the end of the penis

11

cryogenic surgery

use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze or destroy tissue

12

cyrptorchism

one or both testes fail to descend from the abdomen in the scrotal sac near the time of birth

13

ejaculation

ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra as a result of sexual stimulation

14

ejaculatory duct

tube through which semen enters the male urethra

15

embryonal carcinoma

malignant tumor of the testes

16

epididymis

on of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis; carries sperm cells to the vas deferens

17

epididymitis

inflammation of an epididymis

18

erectile dysfunction

inability of an adult male of achieve an erection; impotence

19

flagellum

a flagellum is a hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile

20

fraternal twins

two infants born of the same pregnancy from two separate ova and two separate sperm cells

21

glans penis

sensitive tip (surrounded by foreskin) of the penis

22

gonorrhea

sexually transmitted infection involving inflammation of genital tract mucous membranes and caused by gonococci (berry-shaped bacteria)

23

herpes genitalis

sexually transmitted infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals caused by herpes simplex virus and marked by blisters

24

human papillomavirus

infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region by the human papillomavirus

25

hydrocele

hernia (sac of clear, watery fluid) within the scrotum

26

hypospadias

congenital anomaly in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis

27

identical twins

two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two separate embryos

28

impotence

inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; erectile dysfunction

29

ligation

tying off a tube or blood vessel; thread or wire is used

30

oliogospermia

scanty (less than the normal number of sperm in semen) sperm count

31

orchiectomy

removal (excision) of a testis

32

orchiopexy

surgical fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum

33

orchitis

inflammation of a testis

34

parenchyma

functional, essential tissue of a organ; the seminiferous tubules are the parenchyma of the testis

35

penile

pertaining to the penis

36

penoscrotal

pertaining to the penis and scrotum

37

perineum

in a male, the external area between the anus and the scrotum; in a female, the external area between the anus and the vagina

38

phimosis

narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce (foreskin) over the glans penis

39

photoselective vaporization

a minimally invasive surgical procedure for treating of the prostate benign prostatic hyperplasia in which a green laser light is used to remove prostatic tissue

40

prepuce

fold of skin covering the glans penis (tip of the penis); foreskin

41

prostatectomy

removal (excision) of the prostate gland

42

prostate gland

exocrine gland, in men, at the base of the urinary bladder; it secreted fluid (part of semen) into the urethra during ejaculation

43

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

44

purulent

pus-filled; forming or containing pus

45

scrotum

sac that contains the testes and associated organs

46

semen

fluid discharge at ejaculation; consisting of sperm cells and secretions from the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and bulbourethral glands

47

seminal vesicle

one of a pair of sac-like male exocrine glands lying behind the urinary vesicle bladder and opening into the vas deferens; it secretes fluid that is the major part of semen

48

seminiferous tubules

narrow, coiled tubules that produce spermatozoa in the testes

49

seminoma

malignant tumor within a testis

50

spermatogenesis

formation of sperm cells

51

spermatozoa

sperm cells

52

spermatozoon

single sperm cell

53

spermolytic

pertaining to destruction of sperm cells

54

sterilization

procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release reproductive cells

55

stroma

supportive, connective tissue of an organ

56

syphilis

sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria (spirochetes); a chancre (ulcer) on the genitalia is a characteristic lesion

57

teratoma

malignant tumor of a testis or ovary; composed of embryonic cells that develop onto different types of tissue

58

testicular

pertaining to a testis or testicle

59

testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord and blood vessels of the testes

60

testis

male gonad that produces spermatozoa (sperm cells) and the hormone testosterone

61

testosterone

male hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of the testes

62

varicocele

enlarged, dilated veins near a testicle

63

vas deferens

narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body, around the urinary bladder toward the urethra

64

vasectomy

removing a piece of each vas deferens and tying off each end

65

vasovasostomy

new opening (anastgomosis) of the ends of a severed vas deferens; this surgical procedure reverses a vasectomy

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