Chemistry Part 1 Flashcards Preview

Boards by Corey > Chemistry Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chemistry Part 1 Deck (33)
1

# of carbons on a glucose molecule

6

2

kcal/g of carbs

4

3

% of calories recommended from carbs

50-55%

4

multiple hydroxyl groups

ketone

5

increasing positive charges or decreasing neg charges

oxidation

6

addition of hydrogen, gain of electrons

reduction
OIL RIG (oxidation is losing, reduction is gaining)

7

sugar alcohol from glucose converted to fructose

sorbitol

8

aka citric acid cycle

kreb's aka tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA)

9

carb oxidation

kreb's

10

lowers blood glucose

insulin (box of donuts)

11

catabolic pathways (Big 4)

glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, pyruvate oxidation, kreb's

GOP POK

12

When are the big 4 accelerated?

when ATP is low

13

5 carbon (pentose) sugar

Ribose

14

glucose and glucose

maltose

15

glucose and lactose

galactose

16

glucose and fructose

sucrose

17

indigestible polysaccharide from plants

cellulose

18

animal starch

glycogen

19

less frequent, longer branches than glycogen

amylopectin

20

highly branched carb

glycogen

21

only noncarb type of dietary fiber

lignin (woody part of plants)

22

carbs digested in stomach

none, only mouth and SI

23

carb digestion in GI tract

maltose in mouth, everything else in SI

24

lipids kcal/g

9

25

bonds between glycerol and fatty acids

ester bonds

26

solid at room temp

saturated fatty acids

27

one carbon-carbon bond

monounsaturated fatty acid (polyunsaturated FAs have more than one)

28

Essential Fatty acids

Linoleic, Linolenic, and Arachidonic (ARA only when Lonolenic is absent)

29

3 FAs and glycerol

Triglycerides

30

2 FAs, glycerol and phosphate derivative

Phospholoipids (cell membranes)

31

used to make cell membranes, bile salts, and steroid hormones

cholesterol (sterol group)

32

Precursor molecules to cholesterol

MASH (Mevalonate, Acetyl CoA, Squalene, and HMG CoA)

33

Which is omega-3, Linoleic or Linolenic?

linolenic
(linoleic is omega-6)
linoleic has fewer letters and less to offer than omega-3 FA linolenic which has more letters)