Physiology Part 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physiology Part 4 Deck (33)
1

metabolic acidosis

diarrhea, ketosis, renal dysfxn

2

body's compensation for metabolic alkalosis

hypoventilation

3

keep lungs expanded, decrease surface tension

lipoprotein

4

made by pneumocytes aka type 2 alveolar cells

surfactant

5

hyaline membrane disease

no surfactant

6

what happens to lung pressure when diaphragm contracts?

decreases pressure -> inspiration

7

Herrin-Breuer reflex in bronchi

prevents over-stretching of lungs

8

Apneustic center

prevents turn off of inspiratory center

9

CO2 enters blood and causes O2 to dissociate from hemoglobin

Bohr effect

10

CO2 combines with hemoglobin -> more bicarbonate ions

Haldane effect

11

Rathke's Pouch

Anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)

12

Embryo dev of posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis)

neural ectoderm

13

Vasopressin and Oxytocin

posterior pituitary

14

GH/Somatotropin, TSH, LH, and FSH

anterior pituitary

15

milk let-down/ uterine contraction

oxytocin

16

beta cells of pancreas

insulin

17

alpha cells of pancrease

glucagon

18

Parathyroid hormone

calcium regulation

19

Zona glomerulosa,
Zona Fasciculata,
Zona Reticularis

GFR=Salty, Sweet, Sex
Glomerulosa=salt-mineralcorticoids (aldosterone)
Fasciculata=sweet=glucocorticoids (cortisol; regs sugar)
Reticularis=Sex=androgens (testosterone)

20

hormones of adrenal medulla

MEN ( medulla-epi and norepi)

21

starch digestion in the mouth

salivary amylase

22

chief cells

pepsinogen

23

G cells

gastrin

24

Parietal cells

HCL

25

Brunner's cells

Duodenum

26

most food digestion

jejunum

27

Peyer's Patches (lymphoid tissue)

ileum

28

Crypts of Lieberkuhn

Small intestine

29

cholecystokinin

gall bladder (bile released)

30

secretin, insulin, and glucagon

pancreas

31

Paneth cells and Taenia coli

colon

32

no teania coli, columns of Morgagnie

rectum

33

bile production; kuppfer cells; go to answer

liver