Pathology Part 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology Part 8 Deck (33)
1

subarachnoid type of emboli due to HTN

cerebral

2

rare emboli occuring after fracture

fat emboli

3

emboli affecting many small blood vessels

miliary

4

older males,
mosaic layers,
osteoporosis circumscripta,
saber shin,
"pseudofracture"
ivory white vertebra,
alkaline phasphatase,
aka osteitis deformans

Pagets

5

aka Von Recklinghausen's Disease

Neurofibromatosis

6

bone thinning, lesions/growths in bone

fibrous dysplasia

7

young girls with fibrous dysplasia, several bones involved

McCune-Albright's Syndrome

8

Most common benign bone tumor of the vertebra

hemangioma

9

most common bone tumoe of the body

Osteochondroma

10

brittle bones, abnormal collagen, blue sclera

Osteogenesis imperfecta

11

overgrowth and sclerosis of bone,
weak, fractures

osteopetrosis

12

Dowenger's hump

osteoporosis

13

staph infection in bone

osteomyelitis

14

Potts disease

TB of the spine

15

femoral head necrosis,
4-8 y/o

Legg Calve Perthes

16

RA and pneumonia

Caplan's

17

pannus formation,
symmetrical,
ulnar deviation

Rheumatoid Arthritis

18

Log standing RA

Felty's Syndrome

19

Juvenile RA

Still's

20

Reactive Arthritis

Reiter's

21

feet and spine conjunctivitis,
chlamydia,
urethritis,
arthritis,
Lover's heel,
Calcaneal spur

Reiter's (Reactive Arthritis)

"cant see, cant pee, cant dance with me"

22

6 D's affecting joints: debris, dysfunction, deformity, dislocation, destructive, distention, disease

Charcot Joint or Neurogenic Joint

23

Pitted nails and silver scales

Psoriasis

24

Tophi, podagra, purine metabolism problem

gout

25

attacks a joint (knee MC) without xray findings, aka Calcium pyrophosphate crystals

Pseudogout

26

HLA-B27,
starts in SI joints,
bamboo spine,
aka Marie Strumpell

Ankylosing spondylitis

27

aka Forestier's Disease

DISH (Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletla Hyperostosis)

28

fatal,
psuedohypertrophy of calves,
young boys,
x-linked,
sutosomal recessive

Erb-Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy

29

10-70 y/o,
pelvis and legs,
less severe than Erb-Duchenne's

Becker Muscular Dystrophy

30

Ascending paralysis
aka Landryls paralysis
aka Acute Demyelinating Polyneuritis

Guillain-Barre

31

aka Erb-Goldflam's,
females,
cranial nerves,
ptosis

Myasthenia Gravis

32

common with small cell carcinoma (lung),
increased contractions with repeated stimuli

Lambert-Eaton

33

calf muscle pain and atrophy

Charcot Marie Tooth