Chemistry Part 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chemistry Part 5 Deck (33)
1

most important enzyme of glycolysis

PFK (Phosphofructokinase)

2

phosphorylation of glucose consumes 1 ATP and yields...

glucose 6-phosphate

3

transfer of a phosphate group during glycolysis leads to synthesis of....

1 ATP

4

In the final step of glycolysis, pyruvate is reduced to...

lactate

5

location of glycolysis

cytosol

6

Glycolysis is stimulated by....

insulin** and AMP

7

T/F: Insulin stimulates gluconeogenesis

False; inhibits

8

What stimulates glycogenesis?

insulin

9

What inhibits glycogenolysis?

insulin

10

What stimulates lipogenesis?

insulin** and ATP

11

What inhibits lipolysis?

insulin and FAs

12

what stimulates cholesterol synthesis?

NADPH

13

What is the opposite of insulin (as far as test question choices for boards)?

epinephrine/glucagon

14

Wheat and rice are missing....

lysine

15

Corn is missing....

lysine and tryptophan

16

Legumes are missing....

methionine

17

Enantiomers

mirror image

18

ends in "cholic acid" or "cholate"

bile salts

19

Too much uric acid

gout

20

catabolic

generates energy

21

anabolic

needs energy

22

enzyme + cofactor

holoenzyme

23

apoenzyme

enzyme without cofactor

24

substrates _____ a reaction;
products ______ a reaction

stimulate;
inhibit

25

transfers a phosphate

kinase

26

moves hydrogen

oxidoreductase

27

NAD _____molecules;
NADH ____ molecules

breaks;
builds

28

tyrosine forms

epinephrine

29

Islets of Langerhans

where insulin comes from (made by beta cells)

30

stimulates glycogenolysis but not glycolysis

glucagon

31

derivative of steroid hormones

cholesterol

32

Glucocorticoids, Mineralcorticoids, and Gonadocorticoids

steroid hormones (Sweet, Salty, Sex)

33

Rate limiting step of kreb's cycle?
of HMP shunt?
FA synthesis?
Beta oxidation?
Urea cycle?

isocitrate DH
Glucose 6-DH
Acetyl CoA Carboxylase
Carnitine acyltransferase 1
Carbomyl phosphate synthetase 1