Pathology Part 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology Part 7 Deck (32)
1

leukocytes and platelets

protective response

2

how do neutrophils ingest pathogenic material?

phagocytosis

3

kinin

increases vascular permeability

4

lymphocytes and macrophages

chronic inflammation

5

right sided heart failure

cor pulmonale

6

berry aneurysm

anterior communicating artery

7

Dissecting aneursym common with

Marfan's syndrome

8

Male, smoker

Buerger's
(men who smoke like burgers)

9

important for immune system,
made by helper CD4 cells, T lymhocytes, monocytes, macrophages and endothelial cells

Interleukin

10

Most common primary bone tumors?

MOCE
Multiple myeloma,
Osteosarcoma (Osteogenic sarcoma)
Chondrosarcoma
Ewing's Sarcoma

11

MC benign hand tumor

Enchondroma

12

more than one enchondroma

Ollier's disease

13

Nocturnal pain relieved by aspirin,
radiolucent (black) nidus

Osteoid Osteoma

14

Cafe au lait spots,
coast of maine,
compresses nerves

neurofibromatosis

15

benign tumor of skeletal muscle

rhabdomyoma

16

tumor of all 3 germinal layers,
"dermatoid cyst"

Teratoma

17

epiphyseal bone tumors

Giant Cell (old)
Chondroblastoma (young)

18

diaphyseal bone tumors

Ewing's (young)
Multiple myeloma (old)

19

benign,
aka Albers-Schonberg disease,
stone bone,
Sandwich vertebra

Osteopetrosis

20

Brittle bones and blue sclera

Osteogenesis imperfecta

21

Rugger jersey spine
excess PTH production

Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

22

Quasi malignant (both benign and malignant),
epiphyseal,
tendency to recur,
knee

Giant Cell tumor

23

large intestine malignant tumor

adenocarcinoma

24

malignnat tumor of smooth muscle

Leiomyosarcoma

25

sunburst periosteal reaction,
MC knee or pelvis

Osteosarcoma

26

Plasma cell cytoma,
M spike,
Bence jones

Multiple myeloma

27

aka Grawitz's tumor,
may invade renal vein,
hematuria

Renal adenocarcinoma

28

Primary cause of Squamous cell carcinoma

smoking

29

aka nephroblastoma,
tumor of kidney,
children,
Deny's Drash Syndrome

Wims tumor

30

normal Albumin to Globulin ratio

3:1
globulin may increase with terminal diseases

31

main causes of hemodynamic disorders

elevated BP and CHF

32

nutmeg liver

cirrhosis