Chemistry Part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chemistry Part 3 Deck (33)
1

4D disease associated with Niacin (B3) deficiency

pellagra (Dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and death)

2

burning feet, malaise

B5 (Pantothenic acid) deficiency

3

Transamination and decarboxylation;
only water-soluble vitamin that can be toxic

B6 (Pyridoxine)
Pyro=fire, fire=death

4

Macrocytic anemia

B9 (folic acid) OR B12 (Cyanocobalamin) deficiency

5

Pernicious anemia, demyelination

B12 (Cyancobalamin)

6

Carboxylation,
glossitis, dermatitis,
avidin in raw eggs prevents absorption

Biotin

7

Collagen synthesis

Vitamin C

8

Scurvy

Vit C deficiency

9

White part of fruits

bioflavenoids

10

Retionol,
Night blindness

Vit A

11

Rickets in kids
osteomalacia in adults

Vit D deficiency

12

absorbs calcium

Vit D

13

requires bile salts and fats for absorption

Vit E

14

Antioxidant with selenium,
interferes with enzymes in toxic doses

Vit E

15

Quinone,
Clotting,
makes pro-thrombin

Vit K

16

Inversely related to calcium

Phosphorus

17

Calcitonin

Thyroid

18

regulated by kidney,
deficiency leads to rickets, osteomalacia, and renal dysfunction

phosphorus

19

minerals regulated by aldosterone

sodium and potassium

20

functions in water balance,
deficiency secondary to vomiting

chlorine

21

cofactor for kinase,
component of bones,
poisoning in miners

magnesium

22

helps bind insulin to cell
glucose transport

chromium

23

constituent of B 12
deficiency seen in macrocytic (pernicous) anemia

Cobalt

24

Micromineral associated with Menke's Syndrome
transported by albumin
melanin formation

copper

25

stored in throid
part of thyroxine

Iodine

26

cretinism in kids
Goiter, Myxedema in adults

Iodine deficiency

27

Transported as Transferrin
Stored as Ferritin

Iron

28

Hypochromic microcytic anemia

Iron def.

29

ligamentous healing

manganese

30

cofactor for glutathione peroxidase,
synergistic with vitamin E,
deficiency=cardiomyopathy
toxicity= hari/nail loss

selenium

31

toxicity=metal fume fever (neuro damage)
deficiency=impaired wound healing
source=pumpkin seeds

Zinc

32

excess=mottled teeth
deficiency=dental caries

Fluorine

33

cofactor for kinase found in most plants, needed for glucose breakdown

magnesium