Chemistry Part 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chemistry Part 4 Deck (33)
1

Which has phosphate, nucleoside or nucleotide?

nucleotide
Tide has phosphate

2

Purines
Pyrimidine

A and G;
C, U, and T

3

Base Pairing (DNA and RNA)

All Tall A-T
Guys Can G-C
Dunk DNA

All University A-U
Guys Can G-C
Read RNA

4

DNA replication

S phase (Synthesis)

5

Topoisomerase

unwinds DNA strands

6

Transcription

RNA synthesis

7

DNA replication location;
RNA synthesis location

Nucleus;
Nucleolus

8

leaves the nucleus and goes to work in the cytoplasm

RNA

9

Holds the info for RNA sequence order

mRNA (messenger)

10

main component of the ribosomal unit which moves along the mRNA

rRNA (ribosomal)

11

jumps on an off the rRNA, carrying the amino acids with it

tRNA (transfer

12

Translation

Protein synthesis

13

3 bases (nucleotides) in the mRNA chain

codon

14

tRNA has 3 bases that comliment a specific codon

anticodon

15

start codon

AUG

16

3 stop codons

UAA, UAG, UGA

17

progression of Kreb's cycle (oh can I Ask Silver Surfer...)

Oxaloacetate, Citrate, (cis-Aconitic), Isocitrate, alpha-Ketoglutarate, Succinyl CoA, Succinate, Fumarate, Malate

18

What must you have to start kreb's cycle?

Acetyl CoA (from pyruvate)

19

enzyme needed to start kreb's

pyruvate dehydrogenase

20

kreb's location

mitochondria

21

T/F: kreb's requires anaerobic conditions

False; requires aerobic

22

2 CO2, 3 NADH, 1 FADH2, 1 GTP/ATP

products from one turn of kreb's

23

Electron Transport Chain aka

ETC aka Cytochrome Series aka Respiratory Chain

24

location of ETC

inner fold of of inner mitochondrial membrane

25

final electron acceptor of the ETC

oxygen (forms water)

26

Oxidative Phosphorylation

ATP production

27

Oxidative Phosphorylation is coupled with what process to yield ATP?

ETC

28

During Oxidative Phosphorylation, NADH yields how many ATP? FADH yields how many ATP?

NADH -> 3ATP (Niacin is B3)
FADH -> 2 ATP (Riboflavin is B2)

29

Total ATP produced from Krebs, Glycerol-3-phosphate shunt, and Glycolysis?

36 ATP (pick 38 if 36 is not available)

30

ACESZ

antioxidants (vitamins A, C, and E, selenium, and Zinc/chromium)

31

Cyanide poisoning/carbon monoxide binds to iron inhibiting what process?

ETC

32

Lutein

green leafy veggies, good for your eyes

33

Lycopene sources

tomatoes, watermelons, and papayas