Chemistry Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chemistry Part 2 Deck (33)
1

transports dietary lipids to the body

chylomicrons

2

transports endogenous lipids from liver to body

VLDL

3

transports cholesterol from liver to body

LDL

4

Removes excess cholesterol from the blood, uses LCAT enzyme

HDL

5

breakdown of triglycerides using lipase

lipolysis

6

cuts FA chain, requires Carnitine, makes acetyl Coa, occurs in mitochondria

beta oxidation

7

increases in fasting, diabetes mellitus and pregnancy froming ketone bodies as a by-product of beta oxidation

ketogenesis

8

primary substrate for lipogenesis

acetyl CoA

9

most important intermediate for ketogenesis

malonyl CoA

10

transfers a phosphate

kinase

11

kreb's location

mitochondria

12

ETC location

inner mitochondria

13

ketogenic amino acids

leucine and lysine

14

essential amino acids

PVT TIM HALL (phenylalanine, valine, tryptophan, threonine, isoleucine, methionine, histidine, (arganine), leucine, lysine

15

semi-essential AAs

arginine and histidine

16

aromatic ring

tyrosine (also phenylalanine and tryptophan)

17

Basic AAs

histidine, arginine, and lysine
HAL is a basic kind of guy

18

neutral AAs

Serine, Threonine, Aspargine, Glutamine
STAG

19

AAs that are not glucogenic

leucine and lysine

20

Branch chain AAs

LIV (Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine)

21

AA digestion

stomach and SI only

22

AAs lacking in grains

lysine, threonine, and tryptophan

23

3 AAs that donate nitrogen for purines and pyrimidines

glutamate, aspartate, and asparagine

24

6 AAs muscle can oxidize

GAL VIA
(Glutamate, Aspartate, Leucine, Valine, Isoleucine, Asparagine)

25

Glucose-Alanine Cycle aka

lactic acid cycle aka cori cycle

26

During Cori cycle, alanine is converted to? where?

ammonia and lactate; liver

27

During lactic acid cycle, ammonia become? lactate becomes?

ammonia=urea
lactate=glucose

28

Function of Urea cycle

rid body of ammonia

29

Important intermediates of Urea cycle

Fumarate, Arginine, Citrulline, Ornithine, Glutamate, Aspartate (FARCO, GA)

30

proteins kcal/g

4

31

bond between AAs

peptide

32

Beri Beri and Wernicke's

B1 (thiamin) deficiency

33

FAD/FADH, cheilosis and magenta tongue

B2 (Riboflavin)