Pathology Part 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology Part 4 Deck (33)
1

radioluscent means what kind of metastasis?

lytic

2

inflammation of glans penis and prepuce

balanitis

3

testicular inflammation

orchitis

4

foreskin cannot be retracted

phimosis

5

urethral defect on ventral surface of penis

hypospadias

6

painful, persistent, abnormal erection "final salute"

priapism

7

dysplasia and fibrosis,
crooked penis

Peyronie's Diseasse

8

"turtle neck" penis

Paraphimosis

9

generalized swelling in scrotum

hydrocele

10

localized swelling

spermatocele

11

varicose veins
"bag of worms"

varicocele

12

undescended testicle

cryptorchidism

13

stimulate egg development

FSH (pituitary)

14

secreted mid cycle to cause ovulation

LH (pituitary)

15

Proliferation,
1st half of cycle,
increase pregnancy

Estrogen (corpus luteum)

16

Secretion during 2nd half of cycle, increase pregnancy

Progesterone (corpus luteum)

Progesterone comes after estrogen in the cycle. You don't become a pro at first. Takes time.

17

chocolate cyst

enodmetriosis

18

infection of fallopian tubes

salpingitis

19

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin released,
chorion and trophoblast

pregnancy

20

benign mass develops instead of fetus

Hydatidiform Mole

21

cancerous mass develops instead of fetus

Choriocarcinoma

22

Gigantism/acromegaly hormone

Growth hormone

23

Grave's hormone

TSH

24

MC thyroid dx, causes hyperthyroidism leading to hypothyroidism

Hashimoto's

25

Hyperadrenalism,
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH),
moon face, buffalo hump, bronze skin

Cushing's

26

Decreased LH,
pubertal testicles

Rare Fertile Eunuch Syndrome

27

increased during pregnancy,
makes milk

Prolactin

28

hormone that makes melanin

melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)

29

Posterior pituitary hormones

oxytocin, ADH/Vasopressin

30

stimultes uterine contraction and milk "let down"

oxytocin

31

polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia,
insulin deficiency disorder

Diabetes Mellitus

32

polydipsia, polyuria,
ADH deficiency disorder

Diabetes Insipidus

33

organ affected by diabetes insipidus

pituitary
(mellitus is pancreas)