Flashcards in Child Development - Families & Parenting Deck (52)
What is the role of Unicef in children's human rights?
They show the minimum expectation of children's rights
What are the UK laws on parental responsibility relating to the mother?
Mother has parental responsibility from birth
What are the UK laws on parental responsibility relating to the father?
The father only has parental responsibility if the parents are married at the time of birth
What are the 5 main parental responsibilities?
1. providing a home for the child
2. protecting and maintaining the child
3. disciplining the child
4. choosing and providing the child's education and determining their religion
5. agreeing to the child's medical treatment
Who suggested the different styles of parenting?
What influences parenting?
The household that the child grows up in as well as the other agencies they interact with, such as school
What are the different styles of parenting?
How do authoritarian parents respond to their child?
They have very high expectations of their child
They provide very little in the way of feedback and nurturance
What are ideas about behaviour like in authoritarian parenting?
Strict ideas about discipline and behaviour that are not open to discussion
Parents do not explain to the child why the rules are applied
How are mistakes dealt with in authoritarian parenting?
Mistakes tend to be punished harshly
What is the similarity between authoritarian and authoritative parenting?
They share the same ideas about discipline that there are rules and consequences to bad behaviour
What are ideas about behaviour like in authoritative parenting?
Concrete ideas about discipline and behaviour but they are explained and discussed with the child
The child understands why the rules are applied
How do authoritative parents respond to their children?
They respond to their emotional needs whilst having high standards
How do authoritative parents support their child's autonomy?
They set limits and are consistent in enforcing boundaries
But they allow the children to make choices when it comes to small decisions
What are the consequences for the child of having authoritative parents?
They tend to be more socially competent and show better academic achievement
How do permissive parents respond to their children?
They are very loving but have very few rules
Parents do not expect mature behaviour from their children and often appear as more of a 'friend'
What are the ideas about behaviour in permissive parenting?
Ideas about discipline and behaviour are very relaxed
What is Maccoby & Martin's theory?
There is demanding and undemanding parenting as well as responsive and unresponsive parenting
What is meant by demanding parenting?
There is a set of rules which help to control behaviour
What is meant by undemanding parenting?
There are no behavioural rules to follow
According to Maccoby and Martin, what are the 4 types of parenting?
What is meant by the responsiveness of parenting?
This is the psychological response to the child
It involves listening to them and understanding what they need/want
How does an uninvolved parent respond to their child?
There is a lack of responsiveness to the child's needs
They make few or no demands of their children and are often indifferent or dismissive
What is chastisement?
The act of scolding or punishing someone
What does the English law state about chastisement?
Parents have the right to make choices about reasonable punishments
Anyone employed privately by the parent may smack a child with parental permission
Under what circumstances is a smack determined reasonable chastisement?
If it is open-handed
It is administered on a part of the body that will not cause harm
It is not severe enough to leave a mark
What are the 5 guidelines for parents?
1. be united
2. be clear
3. be consistent
4. be flexible
5. be loving
What is meant by 'being united'?
adults should agree and support each other's decisions
What is meant by 'being clear'?
rules and expectations should be agreed on in advance