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Flashcards in Child Development - Families & Parenting Deck (52)
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1

What is the role of Unicef in children's human rights?

They show the minimum expectation of children's rights

2

What are the UK laws on parental responsibility relating to the mother?

Mother has parental responsibility from birth

3

What are the UK laws on parental responsibility relating to the father?

The father only has parental responsibility if the parents are married at the time of birth

4

What are the 5 main parental responsibilities?

1. providing a home for the child

2. protecting and maintaining the child

3. disciplining the child

4. choosing and providing the child's education and determining their religion

5. agreeing to the child's medical treatment

5

Who suggested the different styles of parenting?

Baumrind

6

What influences parenting?

The household that the child grows up in as well as the other agencies they interact with, such as school

7

What are the different styles of parenting?

1. authoritarian

2. authoritative

3. permissive

8

How do authoritarian parents respond to their child?

They have very high expectations of their child

They provide very little in the way of feedback and nurturance

9

What are ideas about behaviour like in authoritarian parenting?

Strict ideas about discipline and behaviour that are not open to discussion

Parents do not explain to the child why the rules are applied

10

How are mistakes dealt with in authoritarian parenting?

Mistakes tend to be punished harshly

11

What is the similarity between authoritarian and authoritative parenting?

They share the same ideas about discipline that there are rules and consequences to bad behaviour

12

What are ideas about behaviour like in authoritative parenting?

Concrete ideas about discipline and behaviour but they are explained and discussed with the child

The child understands why the rules are applied

13

How do authoritative parents respond to their children?

They respond to their emotional needs whilst having high standards

14

How do authoritative parents support their child's autonomy?

They set limits and are consistent in enforcing boundaries

But they allow the children to make choices when it comes to small decisions

15

What are the consequences for the child of having authoritative parents?

They tend to be more socially competent and show better academic achievement

16

How do permissive parents respond to their children?

They are very loving but have very few rules

Parents do not expect mature behaviour from their children and often appear as more of a 'friend'

17

What are the ideas about behaviour in permissive parenting?

Ideas about discipline and behaviour are very relaxed

18

What is Maccoby & Martin's theory?

There is demanding and undemanding parenting as well as responsive and unresponsive parenting

19

What is meant by demanding parenting?

There is a set of rules which help to control behaviour

20

What is meant by undemanding parenting?

There are no behavioural rules to follow

21

According to Maccoby and Martin, what are the 4 types of parenting?

authoritative
permissive
authoritarian
uninvolved

22

What is meant by the responsiveness of parenting?

This is the psychological response to the child

It involves listening to them and understanding what they need/want

23

How does an uninvolved parent respond to their child?

There is a lack of responsiveness to the child's needs

They make few or no demands of their children and are often indifferent or dismissive

24

What is chastisement?

The act of scolding or punishing someone

25

What does the English law state about chastisement?

Parents have the right to make choices about reasonable punishments

Anyone employed privately by the parent may smack a child with parental permission

26

Under what circumstances is a smack determined reasonable chastisement?

If it is open-handed

It is administered on a part of the body that will not cause harm

It is not severe enough to leave a mark

27

What are the 5 guidelines for parents?

1. be united

2. be clear

3. be consistent

4. be flexible

5. be loving

28

What is meant by 'being united'?

adults should agree and support each other's decisions

29

What is meant by 'being clear'?

rules and expectations should be agreed on in advance

30

What is meant by 'being consistent'?

sticking to what has been agreed and knowing "no" means no