Cirrhosis Flashcards Preview

Gastroenterology > Cirrhosis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cirrhosis Deck (13):
1

development of fibrosis of liver with formation of regenerative nodules; results in impairment of synthetic, metabolic and hemodynamic functions of the liver

cirrhosis

2

Gold standard for diagnosis of cirrhosis

biopsy

3

T/F Early fibrotic changes are reversible, as progression occurs the changes become irreversible

true

4

Levels fall as cirrhosis worsens

albumin

5

Levels rise as cirrhosis worsens

bilirubin

6

Why does prothrombin time increase with cirrhosis?

ability of cirrhotic liver to synthesize clotting factors diminishes

7

What happens to sodium levels when there is ascites and high levels of ADH?

hyponatremia

8

usually the first hematologic abnormality of cirrhosis; secondary to portal hypertension and attendant congestive splenomegaly

thrombocytopenia

9

Increased blood pressure in the portal vein due to increased resistance to the blood passing through the vessels in the liver

portal hypertension

10

Treatment of portal hypertension

remove ascitic fluid, portal shunts, liver transplant

11

Spectrum of potentially reversible neuropsychiatric abnormalities

hepatic encephalopathy

12

neurotoxin that precipitates hepatic encephalopathy

ammonia

13

Treatment of hepatic encephalopathy

lactulose, enemas, correct hypokalemia