Hernias Flashcards Preview

Gastroenterology > Hernias > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hernias Deck (12):
1

abnormal protrusion, of a structure, or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity

hernia

2

When does a hernia become a surgical emergency?

If the blood supply is cut off at the hernia opening in the abdominal wall (strangulation)

3

Most common abdominal wall hernia

inguinal

4

This hernia causes a bulge below the inguinal crease in roughly the middle of the thigh. Rare, usually occurs in women

femoral

5

Occurs in the abdominal wall at some site other than the groin. Umbilical and incisional are most common

ventral

6

often noted at birth as a protrusion at the bellybutton. caused when an opening in the abdominal wall, which normally closes before birth, doesn’t close completely

umbilical

7

Abdominal surgery causes a flaw in the abdominal wall that must heal on its own. This flaw can create an area of weakness where a hernia may develop

incisional hernia

8

This rare hernia occurs along the edge of the rectus abdominus muscle, which is several inches to the side of the middle of the abdomen

Spigelian

9

This hernia protrudes from the pelvic cavity through an opening in your pelvic bone. will not show any bulge but can act like a bowel obstruction and cause nausea and vomiting

obturator

10

Occurring between the navel and the lower part of the rib cage in the midline of the abdomen, these hernias are composed usually of fatty tissue and rarely contain intestine

epigastric

11

Usually painful enlargement of a previous hernia that cannot be returned into the abdominal cavity on its own or when you push it

irreducible

12

T/F All strangulated hernias are irreducible (but all irreducible hernias are not strangulated)

true