Diarrhea and Constipation Flashcards Preview

Gastroenterology > Diarrhea and Constipation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diarrhea and Constipation Deck (21):
1

Stool frequency of less than three per week. Characterized by straining, dard Stool, incomplete evacuation

constipation

2

Common causes of constipation

inadequate fiber and fluid intake, and inactivity

3

Done to observe transit time in patients with refractory constipation not responding to conservative measures

Colonic Transit Study

4

First and foremost management of constipation

prevention

5

key stimulus to colon peristalsis and defecation

excercise

6

T/F constipated stools are high in water content

false, they are low in water content

7

T/F chronic constipation responds poorly to fiber

true

8

Name the two stool softening agents

Colace (docusate sodium)
Docusate calcium

9

Name the two stimulant laxatives

Bisacodyl and Senna

10

Opioid-receptor antagonist approved for constipated palliative care pts, pts on chronic opiod tx, doesn’t effect central analgesia

Methylnaltrexone

11

increase in daily stool weight above 200-300g/24hrs. increase in stool liquidity and/or frequency

diarrhea

12

Range for normal bowel frequency

anywhere from three times a week to three times a day

13

Caused by decreased absorption, increased secretion of fluid and electrolytes, or increase in bowel motility

diarrhea

14

Quantification for acute, persistent, and chronic diarrhea according to the American Gastroenterological Association

acute less than 14 days. persistent 15-29 days. chronic more than 30 days

15

Common cause of acute diarrhea. Associated symptoms include fever, cramping pain, dehydration

infections with viruses and bacteria

16

Causes of chronic diarrhea

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease, or malabsorption syndromes

17

Presence indicated bowel mucosal inflammation, which occurs in invasive bacterial enteritis and Ulcerative colitis

fecal leukocytes

18

more specific than guaiac tests because they respond only to human globin and do not detect upper gastrointestinal bleeding

fecal occult blood

19

Conditions associated with steattorhea

Sprue, Crohn's, Whipples Dz

20

Name the opiate antidiarrheal agents used for mild to moderate secretory diarrhea

Diphenoxylate (Lomotil) and Loperamide (Immodium)‏

21

Name the agent used to treat diarrhea caused by ileal bile salt malabsorption

Cholestyramine (Questran)‏