COOPER Chapter 1 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in COOPER Chapter 1 vocab Deck (18):
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Science

A systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge about the natural world, using: assumption, empiricism, parsimony, replication philosophic doubt

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ABA

Science devoted to understanding and improvement of human behavior

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Functional relations

When a well controlled experiment illustrates that a change in the dependent variable is caused from a specific manipulation of an independent variable. The change is not caused by anger variable.

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Determinism

The belief that the universe is a lawful and orderly place in which all phenomenon occur as a result of an event.

Nothing happens "just because"

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Empiricism

The practice of objectively observing the phenomena of interest. Free of judgement or prejudices.

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Experimentation

The basic strategy of most sciences.

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Experiment

A carefully conducted comparison of some measure of the phenomenon (dependent v) under two or more conditions in which only one factor at a time (independent v) differs from one condition to another.

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Replication

The repeating of experiments. This includes the independent variable conditions.

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Parsimony

All simple and logical explanations for the phenomenon are ruled out before proceeding to next steps.

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Philosophical doubt

Continuously questioning the truthfulness that is regarded as fact

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Hypothetical construct

Presumed by unobserved entities that cannot be manipulated For experiment.

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Respondent behavior

Reflexive, involuntary behavior that occurs after a stimulus.
S-R

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Operant behavior

Not elicited by preceding events, but influenced by a stimulus change that followed the behavior in the past.

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Experimental analysis of behavior

The analysis of operant behavior with its relation to the environment.

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Mentalist

The thought that there is an inner-mental dimension that differs from the behavioral dimension.

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Explanatory Fiction

Fictitious variable from observed behavior that offers no explanation or understanding of the variable that caused the behavior

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Methodological behaviorism

Denying the existence of "inner" variables or considering the. Outside the realm of science

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Radical behaviorism

Skinner included private events and public events in his search to understand human behavior