Flashcards in COOPER Chapter 1 vocab Deck (18):
A systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge about the natural world, using: assumption, empiricism, parsimony, replication philosophic doubt
Science devoted to understanding and improvement of human behavior
When a well controlled experiment illustrates that a change in the dependent variable is caused from a specific manipulation of an independent variable. The change is not caused by anger variable.
The belief that the universe is a lawful and orderly place in which all phenomenon occur as a result of an event.
Nothing happens "just because"
The practice of objectively observing the phenomena of interest. Free of judgement or prejudices.
The basic strategy of most sciences.
A carefully conducted comparison of some measure of the phenomenon (dependent v) under two or more conditions in which only one factor at a time (independent v) differs from one condition to another.
The repeating of experiments. This includes the independent variable conditions.
All simple and logical explanations for the phenomenon are ruled out before proceeding to next steps.
Continuously questioning the truthfulness that is regarded as fact
Presumed by unobserved entities that cannot be manipulated For experiment.
Reflexive, involuntary behavior that occurs after a stimulus.
Not elicited by preceding events, but influenced by a stimulus change that followed the behavior in the past.
Experimental analysis of behavior
The analysis of operant behavior with its relation to the environment.
The thought that there is an inner-mental dimension that differs from the behavioral dimension.
Fictitious variable from observed behavior that offers no explanation or understanding of the variable that caused the behavior
Denying the existence of "inner" variables or considering the. Outside the realm of science