Flashcards in Advanced Functional Knowledge (PTBE) Deck (16):
What is the difference between discrimination and generalization?
Discrimination occurs when there are limited examples of stimuli. Generalization occurs when a correct response is evoked from a large array of stimuli (that look different, from a different place, etc.)
What are two types of generalization?
Stimulus and response
What is stimulus generalization?
Responding to antecedent stimuli sharing certain aspects of the original Sd. EX: seeing an animal with a tail and calling it "Kitty" or saying "What's up" to both of your friends. Wanting people to respond the same way to similar, but not identical, stimuli. AKA - A and a are still the same letter.. etc. THE FORM OF THE RESPONSE DOES NOT CHANGE
What is overgeneralization?
An inappropriate generalization.
What is response generalization?
the extent in which a learned provides novel responses that are functionally equivalent to the trained response. THIS ALLOWS THE SHAPING OF NEW BEHAVIOR.
THE FORM OF THE RESPONSE CHANGES.
What does Point to Point correspondence mean?
when the beginning, middle and end of the verbal stimulus match the beginning, middle and end of a response
What is formal similarity?
This is when the mode of behavior is the same as the stimulus (sense mode) They must also look the same.
What are two types of mands?
regular mand and extended
What is a regular mand?
Mands that can actually be reinforced
What is an extended mand?
Emitting a mand to an object/animal that cannot possibly be reinforced.
What are two types of extended mands?
Superstitious mand: An extended mand in which reinforcement occurs SOMETIMES randomly.
A magical Mand: Where there is NO WAY reinforcement will occur, but you mand anyways
What type of reinforcement does each verbal operant receive?
Echoics/Tacts/IV/Textual/Trancription: Generalized conditioned Reinforcement
Mand: The item asked for
What is an autoclitic?
Verbal behavior about one's own verbal behavior. A form of VB that modifies other form of VB's.
What are the four basic schedules of Intermittent reinforcement?
Variable Ratio, Variable Interval, Fixed Ratio and Fixed Interval.
What are three types of reinforcement schedules?
Continuous, Intermitten and Extinction