Flashcards in Crisis Intervention-Ch 5, Victims of Crime Deck (35)
factors increasing the risk of psychological effects
*type of offense- more violent and instrusive the crime, the greater the trauma
*social characteristics- gender,age, socioeconomic status. research showed that 6 mths after robbery, men reported more psychological problems than women.
*prior stressors-history of victim can be an important factor in the assessment of pyschological damage.
*offense characteristics- extent of injury, display of weapon, number of assailants
*the needs of victims- victim need to feel safe. victim need to express their emotions
community resources for crime victims
protective service system
Tomz and McGillis describe several stages of the criminal justice process where victim and witness services are needed. For the intervener, the early stages are of primary importance.
stage 1. emergency response- provides trauma assessment, physical and psychological first aid and protection
stage 2. victim stabilization-after shock and numbness has passed, victim might need referral
stage 3. resource moblization- victim may need assistance form victim service agency to deal with financial claims, emergency replacement of property, advocacy with employers, creditors, landlords
two programs that assist victims and witnesses often tied to the criminal justice system
Victim-Witness Assistance Programs