Crisis Intervention-Ch 5, Victims of Crime Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crisis Intervention-Ch 5, Victims of Crime Deck (35)
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31

factors increasing the risk of psychological effects

*type of offense- more violent and instrusive the crime, the greater the trauma
*social characteristics- gender,age, socioeconomic status. research showed that 6 mths after robbery, men reported more psychological problems than women.
*prior stressors-history of victim can be an important factor in the assessment of pyschological damage.
*offense characteristics- extent of injury, display of weapon, number of assailants
*the needs of victims- victim need to feel safe. victim need to express their emotions

32

community resources for crime victims

protective service system

33

Tomz and McGillis describe several stages of the criminal justice process where victim and witness services are needed. For the intervener, the early stages are of primary importance.

stage 1. emergency response- provides trauma assessment, physical and psychological first aid and protection
stage 2. victim stabilization-after shock and numbness has passed, victim might need referral
stage 3. resource moblization- victim may need assistance form victim service agency to deal with financial claims, emergency replacement of property, advocacy with employers, creditors, landlords

34

two programs that assist victims and witnesses often tied to the criminal justice system

Victim-Witness Assistance Programs
Crisis Centers

35

Martin and associates describe one crisis center with representatives from the police, medical community and prosecutor.

Stop Rape Task Force- improved interagency cooperation in providing services to victims of rape and assault.