CVD - cardiometabolic syndrome Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CVD - cardiometabolic syndrome Deck (6)
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1

IDF definition of the metabolic syndrome

Abdominal obesity + 2 or more of:
•Elevated TG (> 1.7 mmol/L) and/or
•low HDL-C (130/85 mmHg) or treatment
•Hyperglycaemia (FPG>5.6mmol/l or IGT or diagnosed type 2 diabetes).

•Europoids (>94 cm M; >80 cm F);
•South Asia & Chinese (>90 cm M; >80 cm F);

2

What does abdominal obesity increase the risk of?

AMI

3

How is metabolic syndrome helpful clinically? (what does it help us predict)?

- increased CVD mortality
- increased risk of CHD & diabetes

4

(3) metabolic syndrome treatment strategies

- address glucose intolerance + prevent diabetes
- address dyslipidaemia (reduce CV risk)
- treat hypertension (reduce CV risk)

5

What (4) drugs can be used to reduce CHD in high risk patients?

- Statins (30-40%)
- ACE inhibition (20-25%)
- Aspirin (10-15%)
- Fibrates (15-25%)

6

What are the current lipid targets for high risk pts from the National Heart Foundation Australia?
- LDL cholesterol
- HDL cholesterol
- Triglycerides
- Non-HDL cholesterol

- LDL-cholesterol 1.0 mmol/L
- Triglycerides

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