Flashcards in D. H. Kap 2 Zus. Deck (6)
Simple past tense of Sein
Present tense of haben (have)
Present tense of wissen (to know)
Position of finite verb in statements
In a German statement, the verb is always in second position. In so called normal word order, the subject is in first position. In so called inverted word order, something other than the subject (adverb, adjective, indirect object) is in first position, and the subject follows the verb. Both normal and reverse order are common in German.
Kein vs. Nicht
Kein(e) is used to negate a noun that would be preceded by an indefinite article (eg. Ein) or no article at all in an affirmative sentence.
Nicht is used in a negative sentence when the noun is preceded by a definite article (eg. die) or a possessive adjective (eg. mein).